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Extra-Pericardial Tamponade due to Internal Thoracic Artery Rupture after Blunt Trauma: A Case Report

Noh D, Chang SW, Ma DS

Cardiac tamponade is an acute life-threatening condition that predominantly involves the intra-pericardial space; however, an expanding mediastinal hematoma can also sometimes cause cardiac tamponade. Here we describe the case of...
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Early Cardiac Dysfunction in Biopsy-proven Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Johnson PC, Cochet AA, Gore RS, Harrison SA, Magulick JP, Aden JK, Paredes AH

Background/Aims: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a range of diseases from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and has been linked to cardiovascular disease and sub-clinical cardiac...
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Ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias originating from basal cardiac crux region

 Khmao P, Hwang C, Pak H

Background: Ablation of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in the cardiac crux region is one of the challenging procedures due to the complex anatomical structure where the four chambers of the heart...
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The Comparison of Emergency Medical Service Responses to and Outcomes of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in an Area of Korea

Lim D, Park SY, Choi B, Kim SH, Ryu JH, Kim YH, Sung AJ, Bae BK, Kim HB

Background: Since the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, COVID-19 has affected the responses of emergency medical service (EMS) systems to cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The...
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Hypothermic treatment reduces matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression and damage in the liver following asphyxial cardiac arrest in rats

Kim D, Kim B, Sim H, Lee TK, Tae HJ, Lee JC, Park JH, Cho JH, Won MH, Park Y, Ahn JH

Background: Hypothermic treatment is known to protect organs against cardiac arrest (CA) and improves survival rate. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of hypothermia on CA-induced liver damages. This...
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Myths and misperceptions in pacemaker patients: a quasi experimental study to assess effect of an educational intervention

 Kubra G, Hasan F, Qadir F, Rasheed  S, Shafquat A

Background Misconceptions regarding activities after pacemaker implantation can result in restrictions in daily life. This study aims at measuring the correction of misconceptions following an educational intervention utilizing a picture based...
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Feasibility of Three-Dimensional Balanced Steady-State Free Precession Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Combined with an Image Denoising Technique to Evaluate Cardiac Function in Children with Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot

Peng Y, Su X, Hu L, Wang Q, Ouyang R, Sun A, Guo C, Yao X, Zhang Y, Wang L, Zhong Y

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of cine three-dimensional (3D) balanced steady-state free precession (b-SSFP) imaging combined with a non-local means (NLM) algorithm for image denoising in evaluating cardiac function in...
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CT and MR Imaging Findings of Structural Heart Diseases Associated with Sudden Cardiac Death

Lee JS, Ko SM, Moon HJ, Ahn JH, Kim HJ, Cha SW

Sudden cardiac death is an unexpected death originating from the heart that occurs within an hour of the onset of symptoms. The main cause of sudden cardiac death is arrhythmia;...
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Anomalous Origin of the Coronary Artery from the Pulmonary Artery in Children and Adults: A Pictorial Review of Cardiac Imaging Findings

Goo HW

Anomalous origin of the coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare and potentially fatal congenital heart defect. Up to 90% of infants with an anomaly involving the left...
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Oculocardiac reflex: an unusual trigger during dental surgery

Arora V, Lee A

The oculocardiac reflex is a trigeminal-vagal reflex that manifests as cardiac arrythmias, most often bradycardia. The reflex can be triggered by manipulation of periorbital structures and unintended pressure on the...
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Effectiveness of Inspiratory Muscle Training on Respiratory Muscle Strength in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgeries: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis

Dsouza FV, Amaravadi SK, Samuel SR, Raghavan H, Ravishankar N

To determine the effect of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength (RMS), and functional capacity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, Web of...
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Galectin-3 Derived from HucMSC Exosomes Promoted Myocardial Fibroblast-to-Myofibroblast Differentiation Associated with β-catenin Upregulation

Guo Q, Zhao Y, Li J, Huang C, Wang H, Zhao X, Wang M, Zhu W

Background and Objectives: Galectin-3 promotes fibroblast-to-myofibroblast differentiation and facilitates injury repair. Previous studies have shown that exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSC-ex) promote the differentiation of...
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A New Method for Aortic Valve Planimetry with High-Resolution 3-Dimensional MRI and Its Comparison with Conventional Cine MRI and Echocardiography for Assessing the Severity of Aortic Valvular Stenosis

Kim HJ, Choe YH, Kim SM, Kim EK, Lee M, Park SJ, Ahn J, Carriere KC

Objective: We aimed to compare the aortic valve area (AVA) calculated using fast high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) image acquisition with that of the conventional two-dimensional (2D) cine MR...
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Prognostic Implication of Right Ventricle Parameters Measured on Preoperative Cardiac MRI in Patients with Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation

Ahn Y, Koo HJ, Kang JW, Choi WJ, Kim DH, Song JM, Kang DH, Song JK, Kim JB, Jung SH, Choo SJ, Chung CH, Lee JW, Yang DH

Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for long-term major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients undergoing tricuspid valve (TV) surgery for...
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Development of a Risk Score for QT Prolongation in the Intensive Care Unit Using Time-Series Electrocardiogram Data and Electronic Medical Records

Kim TY, Choi BJ, Koo Y, Lee S, Yoon D

Objectives: Drug-induced QT prolongation can lead to life-threatening arrhythmia. In the intensive care unit (ICU), various drugs are administered concurrently, which can increase the risk of QT prolongation. However, no...
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Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis: A Case Report

Chin ZY, Chew D, Khor LY, Liew C

We report a case of a 63-year-old Chinese female with multi-systemic amyloidosis associated with transthyretin mutation. She presented with gastrointestinal symptoms, sensorimotor polyneuropathy, and loss of weight. Her initial CT...
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Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma in Left Ventricular Trabeculation as a Potential Cause of Cerebral Infarction: A Case Report

Im J, Kim DS

Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is the second or third most common primary cardiac tumor. Although histologically benign, it can cause serious symptoms depending on its location of occurrence, size, and...
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Right-Sided Infectious Endocarditis and Pulmonary Septic Embolism Associated with Intravenous Drug Use

Egi R, Sugi K, Oyama-Suzuki K, Nakajima Y, Fukushima K, Nakano S

Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is rare, and the diagnosis is challenging due to fewer cardiac symptoms and signs. It is well recognized that intravenous drug users (IDU) are at significantly...
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A Unique Case of Non-Capture of Permanent Pacemaker Lead: Delayed Lead Perforation and Cardiac Tamponade

Raja Shariff REF, Wen LC, Khir RN, Ibrahim KS, Kasim S

We report a rare case of delayed cardiac perforation that progressed to cardiac tamponade and initially presented as loss of pacemaker lead capture. A 50-year-old female with a singlelead permanent...
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Predictive Value of Plasma NGAL:Hepcidin-25 for Major Adverse Kidney Events After Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Pilot Study

Albert C, Haase M, Albert A, Ernst M, Kropf S, Bellomo R, Westphal S, Braun-Dullaeus RC, Haase-Fielitz A, Elitok S

Background: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and hepcidin-25 are involved in catalytic iron-related kidney injury after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. We explored the predictive value of plasma NGAL, plasma hepcidin-25,...
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