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Cardiac Arrest due to Carbon Dioxide Embolism During Laparoscopic Gynecologic Surgery of a Patient with Previous Abdominal Surgery: A Case Report

Kim NS

Catastrophic carbon dioxide (CO2) embolism is a rare, but potentially life-threatening, the complication of laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. We report the case of a healthy 53-year-old woman who developed CO2 embolism...
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Metabolic Acidosis in Chronic Kidney Disease: Pathogenesis, Clinical Consequences, and Treatment

Kim HJ

The kidneys play an important role in regulating the acid-base balance. Metabolic acidosis is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and can lead to poor outcomes, such as bone...
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Effects of high-flow nasal cannula in patients with mild to moderate hypercapnia: a prospective observational study

Nam KH, Kang HK, Lee SS, Park SH, Kang SW, Hwang JJ, Park SY, Kim WY, Suh HJ, Kim EY, Seo GJ, Koh Y, Hong SB, Huh JW, Lim CM

Background: Evidence for using high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in hypercapnia is still limited. Most of the clinical studies had been conducted retrospectively, and there had been conflicting reports for the...
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Insufflation of Carbon Dioxide versus Air During Colonoscopy Among Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Guacho JAL, Moura DTHd, Ribeiro IB, Moura BFBHD, Gallegos MMM, McCarty T, Toma RK, Moura EGHd

Background/Aims: Carbon dioxide is increasingly used in insufflation during colonoscopy in adult patients; however, air insufflation remains the primary practice among pediatric gastroenterologists. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to...
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The Impact of Indoor Environmental Factors on Skin Hydration of Children with Atopic Dermatitis: Preliminary Study

Jang SY, Min TK, Park S, Lee J, Lee S, Jeon YH, Kim S, Pyun BY

Objective: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin that is diagnosed by clinical characteristics including itchiness, eczema, dry skin, etc. High levels of indoor air pollutants...
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Relationship between serum total carbon dioxide concentration and bicarbonate concentration in patients undergoing hemodialysis

Hirai K, Ookawara S, Morino J, Minato S, Kaneko S, Yanai K, Ishii H, Matsuyama M, Kitano T, Shindo M, Miyazawa H, Ito K, Ueda Y, Watano T, Fujino S, Omoto K, Morishita Y

Background: Few studies have investigated the relationship between serum total carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration and bicarbonate ion (HCO3-) concentration in patients undergoing hemodialysis. We determined the agreement and discrepancy between...
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Effects of hypercarbia on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation: prospective randomized crossover study

Lee J, Kim Y, Mun J, Lee J, Ko S

Background This study aimed to evaluate the effects of hypercarbia on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV). Methods Fifty adult patients undergoing elective video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy or pneumonectomy were enrolled. Group I patients...
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Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in Otorhinolaryngology Clinics

Lee KH, Kim DK

Background and Objectives Otorhinolaryngology clinics are frequently exposed to various air pollutants. This can have a potentially harmful effect on the health of the healthcare personnel. However, there is still...
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Case of cardiac arrest due to carbon dioxide poisoning following an explosion of a carbon dioxide tank

Ok YB, Kim JY, Baek KJ, Lee KR, Hong DY, Park SO, Kim JW, Kim SY

Carbon dioxide is widely used for a variety of purposes. As it is a normal constituent of air, the public generally regards it as safe. Although low concentrations of carbon...
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The Effectiveness of Fractional Carbon Dioxide Laser plus Intralesional Triamcinolone Acetonide Compared with Intralesional Triamcinolone Acetonide Monotherapy for the Treatment of Keloid and Hypertrophic Scar: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Kim WI, Heo J, Kim S, Cho MK

  • KMID: 2505556
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2020 Aug;58(7):445-452.
Background: Fractional carbon dioxide laser (FCL) has been used to treat keloid and hypertrophic scars as monotherapy or combination therapy, including intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (ITAC). However, whether the combination of...
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Effect of dexmedetomidine on dynamic cerebral autoregulation and carbon dioxide reactivity during sevoflurane anesthesia in healthy patients

Banik S, Rath GP, Lamsal R, Bithal PK

Background: There are conflicting opinions on the effect of dexmedetomidine on cerebral autoregulation. This study assessed its effect on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (dCA) using a transcranial Doppler (TCD). Methods:...
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Is the amount of carbon dioxide gas used in urologic laparoscopic surgeries associated with postoperative pain?

Seo IY, Oh TH, Lee C

Purpose: We measured how much CO2 gas was used in urologic laparoscopic surgeries and studied whether the amount of gas was associated with postoperative pain. Materials and Methods: Four hundred sixty-three...
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Percutaneous Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair with INCRAFT Endograft Guided by CO2 Digital Subtraction Angiography in Patients with Renal Insufficiency

Cuen-Ojeda C, Anaya-Ayala JE, Lizola R, Navarro-Iniguez JA, Luna L, Guerrero-Hernandez M, Hinojosa CA

Iodinated contrast is the most common contrast agent used during endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, its use may worsen kidney function in patients with renal insufficiency. Previous studies have...
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Application of carbon dioxide as a novel approach to eradicate poultry red mites

Kang J, Hossain MA, Jeong J, Park H, Kim JH, Kang MS, Kwon YKK, Kim YS, Park SW

Poultry red mites (PRMs), Dermanyssus gallinae, are one of the most harmful ectoparasites of laying hens. Because of their public health impact, safe, effective methods to eradicate PRMs are greatly...
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PaCOâ‚‚ at Early Stage is Associated with Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Acute Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Yang KM, Chun BJ, Moon JM, Cho YS

PURPOSE: The objective was to determine the association between PaCOâ‚‚ and adverse cardiovascular events (ACVEs) in carbon monoxide (CO)-poisoned patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 194 self-breathing patients after CO poisoning...
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The Activation of PPAR-α and Wnt/β-catenin by Luffa cylindrica Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extract

Kim B

Luffa cylindrica (LC) is a very fast-growing climber and its fruit have been considered as agricultural wastes. We conducted to check the comparative qualities of ethanol solvent extraction (LCE) and...
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Approximation of bicarbonate concentration using serum total carbon dioxide concentration in patients with non-dialysis chronic kidney disease

Hirai K, Minato S, Kaneko S, Yanai K, Ishii H, Kitano T, Shindo M, Miyazawa H, Ito K, Ueda Y, Kaku Y, Hoshino T, Watano T, Fujino S, Ookawara S, Omoto K, Morishita

BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between serum total carbon dioxide (CO₂) and bicarbonate ion (HCO₃⁻) concentrations in pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and devised a formula for predicting low...
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Availability of end-tidal carbon dioxide on change in stroke volume in spontaneous breathing subjects

Yeom SR, Lee JH

OBJECTIVE: Stroke volume (SV) measurements have been used to guide fluid management. Noninvasive, indirect, and convenient measurements of the SV for fluid therapy are required for most patients during spontaneous...
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Respiratory Responses during Exercise in Self-contained Breathing Apparatus among Firefighters and Nonfirefighters

Hostler D, Pendergast DR

BACKGROUND: Firefighters are required to use self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), which impairs ventilatory mechanics. We hypothesized that firefighters have elevated arterial COâ‚‚ when using SCBA. METHODS: Firefighters and controls performed a...
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Effects of Intraoperative Insufflation With Warmed, Humidified COâ‚‚ during Abdominal Surgery: A Review

Cheong JY, Keshava A, Witting P, Young CJ

PURPOSE: During a laparotomy, the peritoneum is exposed to the cold, dry ambient air of the operating room (20℃, 0%–5% relative humidity). The aim of this review is to determine...
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