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Synovial Cell Migration is Associated with B Cell Activating Factor Expression Increased by TNFα or Decreased by KR33426

Lee J, Yoon SS, Thuy PX, Moon EY

Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) play a crucial role in initiating rheumatoid arthritis. B-cell activating factor (BAFF) plays a role in FLS survival as well as in B cell maturation and maintenance....
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Add-on Therapy With the α-Blockers Tamsulosin and Naftopidil Improves Voiding Function by Enhancing Neuronal Activity in Prostatic Hyperplasia Rats

Ko IG, Hwang L, Jin JJ, Kim SH, Han JH, Jeon JW, Cho ST

PURPOSE: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) impacts quality of life in men by causing lower urinary tract symptoms. α1-Adrenoceptor (α1-AR) blockers improve lower urinary tract symptoms. We investigated the efficacy of...
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A Group of Descending Glutamatergic Neurons Activated by Stress in Corticolimbic Regions Project to the Nucleus Accumbens

Park JY, Park SY, Kwon H, Song Y, Yun B, Lee Y, Cho Y, Joo A, Han PL

The nucleus accumbens (NAc) is the major component of the ventral striatum that regulates stress-induced depression. The NAc receives dopaminergic inputs from the ventral tegmental area (VTA), and the role...
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Afferent Pathway-Mediated Effect of α1 Adrenergic Antagonist, Tamsulosin, on the Neurogenic Bladder After Spinal Cord Injury

Han JH, Kim SE, Ko IG, Kim J, Kim KH

PURPOSE: The functions of the lower urinary tract (LUT), such as voiding and storing urine, are dependent on complex central neural networks located in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral...
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Effect of P. ginseng on the expression of c-Fos in the brain of Wistar rats with testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

Jang HM

The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The three major micturition centers in brain are pontine micturition center (PMC), ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and medial...
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Functional Connectivity of Basolateral Amygdala Neurons Carrying Orexin Receptors and Melanin-concentrating Hormone Receptors in Regulating Sociability and Mood-related Behaviors

Kim TK, Han PL

Chronic stress induces changes in neuronal functions in specific brain regions regulating sociability and mood-related behaviors. Recently we reported that stress-induced persistent upregulation of the neuropeptides orexin and melanin-concentrating hormone...
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Effects of Combination Treatment of Alpha 1-Adrenergic Receptor Antagonists on Voiding Dysfunction: Study on Target Organs in Overactive Bladder Rats

Ko IG, Moon BM, Kim SE, Jin JJ, Hwang L, Ji ES, Kim CJ, Kim TH, Choi HH, Chung KJ

PURPOSE: Overactive bladder (OAB) causes urinary urgency, usually accompanied by frequency and nocturia. Alpha 1-adrenergic receptor (α1-AR) antagonists are known to improve lower urinary tract symptoms associated with OAB. The...
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Functional Connections of the Vestibulo-spino-adrenal Axis in the Control of Blood Pressure Via the Vestibulosympathetic Reflex in Conscious Rats

Lu HJ, Li MH, Li MZ, Park SE, Kim MS, Jin YZ, Park BR

Significant evidence supports the role of the vestibular system in the regulation of blood pressure during postural movements. In the present study, the role of the vestibulo-spino-adrenal (VSA) axis in...
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Role of the Cerebral Cortex on Vestibular Compensation Following Unilateral Labyrinthectomy in Rats

Ryoo HK, Yang SB, Kim MS, Park BR

OBJECTIVE: The cerebral cortex can modulate vestibular functions through direct control of neuronal activities in the vestibular nuclei. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of unilateral...
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MSK1 regulates RANKL-induced NFATc1 expression through CREB and c-Fos

Ha J, Hwang JH, Kwon SG, Park DH, Kim TW, Kang DG, Kang KH, Kim IS, Kim CW

Osteoclasts originated from hematopoietic stem cells are multi-nucleated cells that can resorb the bone matrix. Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)/RANK ligand (RANKL) signaling pathway is crucial for the...
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Effect of Glutamate on the Vestibulo-Solitary Projection after Sodium Nitroprusside-Induced Hypotension in Conscious Rats

Li LW, Jin GS, Yang YZ, Ameer AN, Kim MS, Park BR, Jin YZ

Orthostatic hypotension is most common in elderly people, and its prevalence increases with age. Attenuation of the vestibulo-sympathetic reflex (VSR) is commonly associated with orthostatic hypotension. In this study, we...
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Comparison of sucrose and ethanol-induced c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in the parabrachial nuclei and accumbens nucleus

Kim Y, Cho YK

Sucrose and alcohol are rewarding and appetitive. They are occasionally over-consumed and cause addiction. The parabrachial nuclei (PbN) are the second taste relay in the central taste pathway. The nucleus...
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Pathways of Neurogenic and Humoral Control in the Vestibulosympathetic Reflex of Conscious Rats

Jin GS, Lee GW, Park SE, Jin YZ, Park BR

OBJECTIVE: The vestibular system contributes control of blood pressure during postural changes through the vestibulosympathetic reflex. In the vestibulosympathetic reflex, afferent signals from the peripheral vestibular receptors are transmitted to...
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Effects of Acupuncture Stimulation at Different Acupoints on Formalin-Induced Pain in Rats

Chang KH, Bai SJ, Lee H, Lee BH

Acupuncture is the process of stimulating skin regions called meridians or acupoints and has been used to treat pain-related symptoms. However, the pain-relieving effects of acupuncture may be different depending...
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Intragastric gavage with denatonium benzoate acutely induces neuronal activation in the solitary tract nucleus via the vagal afferent pathway

Jung HY, Kim W, Yoo DY, Nam SM, Kim JW, Choi JH, Yoon YS, Kim HY, Hwang IK

Natural toxic substances have a bitter taste and their ingestion sends signals to the brain leading to aversive oral sensations. In the present study, we investigated chronological changes in c-Fos...
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Additive Role of the Vestibular End Organ and Baroreceptors on the Regulation of Blood Pressure in Rats

Lan Y, Yang YZ, Jiang X, Li LW, Jin GS, Kim MS, Park BR, Jin YZ

Contribution of the vestibular end organ to regulation of arterial pressure was quantitatively compared with the role of baroreceptors in terms of baroreflex sensitivity and c-Fos protein expression in the...
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Ginsenosides Have a Suppressive Effect on c-Fos Expression in Brain and Reduce Cardiovascular Responses Increased by Noxious Stimulation to the Rat Tooth

Jung JY, Seong KJ, Moon IO, Cho JH, Kim SH, Kim WJ

The purpose of this study is to investigate the antinociceptive effects of ginsenosides on toothache. c-Fos immunoreactive (IR) neurons were examined after noxious intrapulpal stimulation (NS) by intrapulpal injection of...
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c-Fos-like Immunoreactivity in the nucleus of the solitary tract following taste stimulation of the contralateral side of the tongue

Kim Y, Chung KM, Kim KN, Cho YK

  • KMID: 2055090
  • J Biomed Res.
  • 2013 Mar;14(1):13-17.
Taste receptors of the anterior tongue are innervated by the chorda tympani (CT) branch of the facial (VIIth) nerve. The CT nerve transmits information on taste to the ipsilateral nucleus...
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Role of the Peripheral Vestibular End Organ in the Expression of c-Fos Protein in the Medial Vestibular Nucleus Following Occlusion of the Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery

Kim N, Lee JH, Choi MA, Park BG, Kim MS, Park BR

  • KMID: 1437772
  • Res Vestib Sci.
  • 2012 Jun;11(2):51-58.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the role of the peripheral vestibular end organ in vestibular symptoms and temporal changes in expression of c-Fos protein in the vestibular nuclei...
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Effects of Aripiprazole and Haloperidol on Fos-like Immunoreactivity in the Prefrontal Cortex and Amygdala

Park JI, Zhao T, Huang GB, Sui ZY, Li CR, Han EH, Chung YC

  • KMID: 2171284
  • Clin Psychopharmacol Neurosci.
  • 2011 Apr;9(1):36-43.
OBJECTIVE: Aripiprazole, a dopamine system stabilizer, shows efficacy against both negative symptoms and positive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of...
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