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Whole body hypoxic preconditioning-mediated multiorgan protection in db/db mice via nitric oxide-BDNF-GSK-3β-Nrf2 signaling pathway

Li Y, Huang Y, Cheng X, He Y, Hu X

The beneficial effects of hypoxic preconditioning are abolished in the diabetes. The present study was designed to investigate the protective effects and mechanisms of repeated episodes of whole body hypoxic...
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Association of Circulating Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor with Cognition among Adult Obese Population

Katuri RB, Gaur GS, Sahoo JP, Bobby Z, Shanmugavel K

Background: Obesity has a strong association with the risk of developing cognitive impairment and dementia at a later age. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor appear to be important...
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Association between BDNF Polymorphism and Depressive Symptoms in Patients Newly Diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Ryu JS, Lee YM, Kim YS, Kang S, Park JS, Ahn CW, Nam JS, Seok JH

Purpose: Little is known about the relationship between brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms and psychiatric symptoms in diabetes patients. We investigated the effects of BDNF Val/66/Met polymorphism, glucose status,...
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The Mediating Effect of Psychological Distress on the Association between BDNF, 5-HTTLPR, and Tinnitus Severity

Jeong JE, Jeon S, Han JS, Cho EY, Hong KS, Park SN, Kim JJ

Objective To investigate the association between genetic polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and tinnitus, and the mediating effects of psychological distress on...
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Biomarkers of Major Depressive Disorder: Knowing is Half the Battle

Malik S, Singh R, Arora G, Dangol A, Goyal S

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous disease which is why there are currently no specific methods to accurately test the severity, endophenotype or therapy response. This lack of progress...
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Exploring the role and mechanisms of diallyl trisulfide and diallyl disulfide in chronic constriction-induced neuropathic pain in rats

Wang G, Yang Y, Wang C, Huang J, Wang X, Liu Y, Wang H

Background: Garlic oil is a rich source of organosulfur compounds including diallyl disulfide and diallyl trisulfide. There have been studies showing the neuroprotective actions of these organosulfur compounds. However, the...
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Intracerebral Transplantation of BDNF-overexpressing Human Neural Stem Cells (HB1.F3.BDNF) Promotes Migration, Differentiation and Functional Recovery in a Rodent Model of Huntington’s Disease

Kim HS, Jeon I, Noh JE, Lee H, Hong KS, Lee N, Pei Z, Song J

  • KMID: 2500524
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2020 Apr;29(2):130-137.
  • doi: 10.5607/en20011
Huntington’s disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by abnormally expanded CAG repeats in the huntingtin gene. The huntingtin gene mutation leads to the progressive degeneration of striatal...
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Effects of High White and Brown Sugar Consumption on Serum Level of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Insulin Resistance, and Body Weight in Albino Rats

Shamsi-Goushki A, Mortazavi Z, Mirshekar MA, Behrasi F, Moradi-Kor N, Taghvaeefar R

Background: In recent decades, consumption of simple sugars has increased dramatically, which contributes to health problems including insulin resistance and obesity. In this study, we investigated the effects of high...
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Incongruent Expression of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Cortisol in Schizophrenia: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial of Laughter Intervention

Cheng SL, Yang FC, Chu HT, Tsai CK, Ku SC, Tseng YT, Yeh TC, Liang CS

Objective Schizophrenia has been associated with dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Furthermore, alterations in neurotrophic factors might contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a...
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In Vitro Study of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Transduced with Lentiviral Vector Carrying the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene

Nan D, Dou X, Qi Y, Zhang W, He G, Zhang X

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) exerts its survival-promoting effects on photoreceptors and retinal ganglion cells, however, delivery systems with little-to-no side effect are needed to sustain its controlled release and long-term...
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Effects of a Psychobiotic Supplement on Serum Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Depressive Patients: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Heidarzadeh-Rad N, Gökmen-Özel H, Kazemi A, Almasi N, Djafarian K

  • KMID: 2507114
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2020 Oct;26(4):486-495.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm20079
Background/Aims Psychobiotics are probiotics or prebiotics that, upon ingestion in adequate amounts, yield positive influence on mental health via microbiota-gut-brain axis regulation to modulate the circulating cytokines, chemokines, neurotransmitters, or neurotrophins...
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Effects of BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism on White Matter Microalterations of the Corpus Callosum in Patients with Panic Disorder in Korean Populations

Kim HJ, Bang M, Lee KS, Choi TK, Park CI, Lee SH

Objective The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphism is suggested to be associated with the pathophysiology of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder (PD). Although the fronto-limbic white matter (WM)...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Deficiency or activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α reduces the tissue concentrations of endogenously synthesized docosahexaenoic acid in C57BL/6J mice

Hsiao WT, Su HM, Su KP, Chen SH, Wu HP, You YL, Fu RH, Chao PM

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA), is acquired by dietary intake or the in vivo conversion of α-linolenic acid. Many enzymes participating in LCPUFA...
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Effect of Maternal Depression on Brain-derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels in Fetal Cord Blood

Sonmez EO, Uguz F, Sahingoz M, Sonmez G, Kaya N, Camkurt MA, Gokmen Z, Basaran M, Gezginc K, Erdem SS, Dulger HH, Tasyurek E

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the association between cord blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentration and maternal depression during pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 48 pregnant women, admitted for elective caesarean...
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Gadd45b Acts as Neuroprotective Effector in Global Ischemia-Induced Neuronal Death

Cho CH, Byun HR, Jover-Mengual T, Pontarelli F, Dejesus C, Cho AR, Zukin RS, Hwang JY

PURPOSE: Transient global ischemia arising in human due to cardiac arrest causes selective, delayed neuronal death in hippocampal CA1 and cognitive impairment. Growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible protein 45 beta (Gadd45b)...
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Alterations in Serum BDNF and GDNF Levels after 12 Weeks of Antidepressant Treatment in Female Outpatients with Major Depressive Disorder

Park YM, Lee BH

OBJECTIVE: Some clinical studies have found alterations in the levels of serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) after applying antidepressant treatment in patients with...
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196G/A of the Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene Polymorphisms Predicts Suicidal Behavior in Schizophrenia Patients

Kim EJ, Kim YK

OBJECTIVE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has possible neurobiologic impact on etiology of schizophrenia. We hypothesized that the specific allele or the genotype such as two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) ,...
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Orexin-A inhibits capsaicin-induced changes in cyclooxygenase-2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression in trigeminal nucleus caudalis of rats

Kooshki R, Abbasnejad M, Esmaeili Mahani S, Raoof M, Moeini Aghtaei MM, Dabiri S

BACKGROUND: The trigeminal nucleus caudalis (Vc) is a primary central site for trigeminal transmitting. Noxious stimulation of the trigeminal nociceptors alters the central synaptic releases and neural expression of some...
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Astrocytic proBDNF and Tonic GABA Distinguish Active versus Reactive Astrocytes in Hippocampus

Chun H, An H, Lim J, Woo J, Lee J, Ryu H, Lee CJ

Astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the brain and they make close contacts with neurons and blood vessels. They respond dynamically to various environmental stimuli and change their...
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