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The Consumption Pattern of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and its Comparison with Body Composition Change from a Four-Week Time-Restricted Eating Intervention in Korean Young Adults

Park S, Song Y

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the consumption pattern of sugarsweetened beverages (SSB) and compare body composition changes by SSB consumption based on 28 days of dietary...
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Leg and arm adiposity is inversely associated with diastolic hypertension in young and middle-aged United States adults

Visaria A, Lo D, Maniar P, Dave B, Joshi P

Background: We sought to determine the association between appendicular adiposity and hypertension, with the purpose of better understanding the role of body fat distribution on blood pressure (BP). Methods: We included...
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The Leg Fat to Total Fat Ratio Is Associated with Lower Risks of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Less Severe Hepatic Fibrosis: Results from Nationwide Surveys (KNHANES 2008–2011)

Kim HM, Lee Yh

Background: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has rapidly increased worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an independent relationship between regional fat...
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The effect of changes in total body fat amount and abdominal fat ratio on lung function decline in healthy adults

Ahn KM, Lee SH, Kim SS

Purpose: Many studies have shown that obesity is one of the major causes of lung function decline. However, a longitudinal study of the correlation between changes in obesity degree and...
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Clinical Significance of Body Fat Distribution in Coronary Artery Calcification Progression in Korean Population

Lee H, Park HE, Yoon JW, Choi SY

Background: Although obesity differs according to ethnicity, it is globally established as a solid risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, it is not fully understood how obesity parameters affect the...
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Obesity parameters in relation to lung function levels in a large Chinese rural adult population

Zeng X, Liu D, An Z, Li H, Song J, Wu W

OBJECTIVES: The association between obesity parameters and lung function indicators in the general Chinese rural adult population remains unclear. METHODS: In total, 8,284 Chinese adults aged 20 years to 80 years...
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Body fat composition and miR-378 expression profiling in patients with type 1 diabetes

Duarte L, García-Díaz DF, Pérez-Bravo F

Purpose: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that involves genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Change in body composition is a potential mechanism for explaining the increased incidence of...
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Effect of Lactobacillus sakei, a Probiotic Derived from Kimchi, on Body Fat in Koreans with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Study

Lim S, Moon JH, Shin CM, Jeong D, Kim B

Background: The increased prevalence of obesity has led to increases in the prevalence of chronic diseases worldwide. There is interest whether probiotics have an effect on obesity, but the effectiveness...
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Body Fat Is Related to Sedentary Behavior and Light Physical Activity but Not to Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

An KH, Han KA, Sohn TS, Park IB, Kim HJ, Moon SD, Min KW

Background: Sedentary behavior (SB) has emerged as a new risk factor for cardiovascular accidents. We investigated whether physical activity levels or SB were related to percent body fat (%BF) in...
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The Effect of Nordic Walking Exercise on Physical Indicators and Subjective Happiness of the Middle-aged in Rural Area

Lee CM, Park YS

Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of regular Nordic walking exercise on the physical indicators and subjective happiness of middle-aged rural residents. Methods A pretest and posttest design...
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Determinants of Circulating Soluble Leptin Receptor and Free Leptin Index in Indonesian Pre-Pubertal Obese Male Children: A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Study

Hendarto A, Nagrani DG, Meiliana A, Sastroasmoro S, Sjarif DR

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and metabolic determinants of circulating soluble leptin receptor (CSLR) and free leptin index (FLI) in pre-pubertal obese male children. METHODS: We conducted a...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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Differing Impact of Weight Cycling on Ambulatory Blood Pressure versus Conventional Blood Pressure Assessment: A Possible Explanation to Controversy

Zeigler ZS, Nordin TC

BACKGROUND: Weight cycling (WC) is a widespread behavior associated with elevated laboratory blood pressure (BP). The impact WC may have on ambulatory BP (ABP) is unknown. METHODS: Impact of self-reported WC...
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Lower Leg Fat Depots Are Associated with Albuminuria Independently of Obesity, Insulin Resistance, and Metabolic Syndrome (Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008 to 2011)

Han E, Cho NH, Kim MK, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Although the involvement of obesity in metabolic disorders is well known, leg fat depot influences on albuminuria have not been determined. METHODS: This population-based, cross-sectional study used a nationally representative...
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A prospective study on changes in body composition and fat percentage during the first year of cancer treatment in children

Yang HR, Choi HS

BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment may lead to significant body composition changes and affect growth and disease outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. This prospective study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term body...
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Percentage Body Fat is As a Good Indicator for Determining Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Cross-Sectional Study in Vietnam

Trang LT, Trung NN, Chu DT, Hanh NT

OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in percentage body fat (PBF) in adolescents to determine gender-specific classification thresholds for being overweight and obese. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 899 adolescents (11 to 14.5...
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The Efficacy of Body Mass Index and Total Body Fat Percent in Diagnosis Obesity according to Menopausal Status

Noh H, Lee H, Kim S, Joo J, Suh D, Kim K, Lee K

OBJECTIVES: Body mass index (BMI) is commonly used in epidemiological study or clinical center. However, it is not exactly correlated with body fat composition and does not reflect sex, age,...
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Blood Sugar Control and Low-Carbohydrate High-Fat Diet

Kang EH

Diabetes patients and pre-diabetic patients are increasing worldwide. Type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance, and the long-term habit of stimulating insulin secretions causes insulin resistance and accumulates body fat...
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Changes in Dietary Quality among Vietnamese Women Immigrants in Korea and Comparison with Korean Women

Cho YA, Kim DY, Choue R, Lim H

The dietary behavior of immigrants starts changing upon their arrival in a new country. We evaluated changes in dietary quality of Vietnamese women immigrants in Korea and compared dietary quality...
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Neck circumference is independently associated with relative systemic hypertension in young adults with sickle cell anaemia

Olatunji L, Olabode OP, Akinlade O, Babatunde , Olatunji V, Soladoye A

BACKGROUND: A seemingly interesting observation in patients with sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is that they usually have lower systemic blood pressures (BP) and insulin resistance than persons in the general...
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