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Higher Fat-Related Body Composition Measurement and Lower Resting-State Inter-Network Functional Connectivity of APOE ε4 Carrier in Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients With Aβ Deposition

Choi IH, Wang SM, Um YH, Lim HK, Lee CU, Kang DW

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the impact of interaction between APOE ε4 carrier status and body composition measurements on intra- and inter-regional functional connectivity (FC) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
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Association of Shift Work with Normal-Weight Obesity in Community-Dwelling Adults

Ahn CW, Shin S, Lee S, Park HS, Hong N, Rhee Y

Background: Shift work is associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. However, this association in the normal-weight population remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether shift work is associated with...
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Age-related low skeletal muscle mass correlates with joint space narrowing in knee osteoarthritis in a South Korean population: a cross-sectional, case-control study

Kim HJ, Hong YH

Background: This study was conducted to analyze the effects of low skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and obesity on aging-related osteoarthritis (OA) in the Korean population. Methods: A total of 16,601...
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Effects of Short-term Spinning Exercise on Vascular Function in Young Women

Kim YW, Jae SY, Cho MJ, Kim HJ

Purpose: Regular aerobic exercise has been recommended as an effective lifestyle strategy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. However, it is unclear whether short-term exercise (< 6 weeks)...
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The importance of muscle mass in predicting intradialytic hypotension in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis

Son HE, Ryu JY, Lee K, Choi YI, Kim MS, Park I, Shin GT, Kim H, Ahn C, Kim S, Chin HJ, Na KY, Chae DW, Ahn S, Hwang SS, Jeong JC

Background: Patients undergoing hemodialysis are susceptible to sarcopenia. As intracellular reservoirs of water, skeletal muscles are important contributors to intradialytic hypotension. This study was designed to determine the role of...
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Associations between Weight-Adjusted Waist Index and Abdominal Fat and Muscle Mass: Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Kim JY, Choi J, Vella CA, Criqui MH, Allison MA, Kim NH

Background: The weight-adjusted waist index (WWI) reflected body compositional changes with aging. This study was to investigate the association of WWI with abdominal fat and muscle mass in a diverse...
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Association of Grit and Body Composition with Fatigue and Burnout among Shift-work Nurses

Baek M, Han K

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of grit and body composition on fatigue and burnout in shift-working nurses. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design using self-report questionnaires was employed. Data...
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Correlation of Body Composition via Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Motor Function and Recovery of Upper Extremity in Patients Undergoing Stroke Rehabilitation

Park S, Kim J, Kim Y, Kim MW

Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has been used to investigate the body compositions and predict functional outcomes in patients with stroke, while the role of BIA to predict motor function or...
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Utility of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for Body Composition Assessment

Lim S

People with obesity are at high risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of malignancy. A significant reduction in muscle mass is also associated with increased risk...
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Larger Remaining Stomach Volume Is Associated With Better Nutrition and Muscle Preservation in Patients With Gastric Cancer Receiving Distal Gastrectomy With Gastroduodenostomy

Kim A, Lee JB, Ko Y, Park T, Jo H, Jang JK, Lee K, Kim KW, Lee IS

Purpose: Weight loss and deterioration in body composition are observed in patients with gastric cancer (GC) following gastrectomy. This study aimed to investigate the impact of residual stomach volume (RSV)...
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Effect of Life-Oriented Forest Healing Program in Urban Forest on Body Composition, Psychological State and Quality of Life of Adults over 40 Years of Age

Kang H, Im H, Chae YR

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify physical and psychological effects of life-oriented forest healing program (LOFH) using urban forests in adults over 40 years of age. Methods:...
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Leg and arm adiposity is inversely associated with diastolic hypertension in young and middle-aged United States adults

Visaria A, Lo D, Maniar P, Dave B, Joshi P

Background: We sought to determine the association between appendicular adiposity and hypertension, with the purpose of better understanding the role of body fat distribution on blood pressure (BP). Methods: We included...
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Body Composition and Diabetes

Yoo HJ

Representative body composition related to metabolic diseases in our body include fats and muscles, and accumulation of abdominal fats and loss of muscles caused by aging are the main causes...
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Prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in Indian patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 & 4

Dubey AK, Sahoo J, Vairappan B, Parameswaran S, PS P

Objectives There is limited literature on the prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in the Indian predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. The current study attempts to characterize sarcopenia in CKD stages...
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An association between the physical activity level and skeletal muscle mass index in female university students with a past exercise habituation

Oshita K, Myotsuzono R

Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and physical activity among female university students who had exercise habituation in junior and high school. Methods The body...
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Effects of Contrast Phases on Automated Measurements of Muscle Quantity and Quality Using CT

Kim DW, Kim KW, Ko Y, Park T, Lee J, Lee JB, Ha J, Ahn H, Sung YS, Kim HK

Objective: Muscle quantity and quality can be measured with an automated system on CT. However, the effects of contrast phases on the muscle measurements have not been established, which we...
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Musclin Is Related to Insulin Resistance and Body Composition, but Not to Body Mass Index or Cardiorespiratory Capacity in Adults

Sánchez YL, Yepes-Calderón M, Valbuena L, Milán AF, Trillos-Almanza MC, Granados S, Peña M, Estrada-Castrillón M, Aristizábal JC, Narvez-Sanchez R, Gallo-Villegas J, Calderón JC

Background: We studied whether musclin function in humans is related to glycemic control, body composition, and cardiorespiratory capacity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in sedentary adults with or without metabolic...
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Birth Weight Predicts Anthropometric and Body Composition Assessment Results in Adults: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Salmi IA, Hannawi S

Background: A poor intrauterine environment is associated with increased risks of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and/or diabetes. This study evaluated relationships between birth weight and body habitus in a representative...
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Maternal Hyperglycemia during Pregnancy Increases Adiposity of Offspring

Chung HR, Moon JH, Lim JS, Lee YA, Shin CH, Hong JS, Kwak SH, Choi SH, Jang HC

Background: The effect of intrauterine hyperglycemia on fat mass and regional fat proportion of the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (OGDM) remains to be determined. Methods: The body composition...
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Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Ahn SS, Yoo BW, Kwon HC, Yoo J, Jung SM, Song JJ, Park YB, Lee SW

Background/Aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of...
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