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Utility of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for Body Composition Assessment

Lim S

People with obesity are at high risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and certain types of malignancy. A significant reduction in muscle mass is also associated with increased risk...
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Effect of Life-Oriented Forest Healing Program in Urban Forest on Body Composition, Psychological State and Quality of Life of Adults over 40 Years of Age

Kang H, Im H, Chae YR

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify physical and psychological effects of life-oriented forest healing program (LOFH) using urban forests in adults over 40 years of age. Methods:...
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Leg and arm adiposity is inversely associated with diastolic hypertension in young and middle-aged United States adults

Visaria A, Lo D, Maniar P, Dave B, Joshi P

Background: We sought to determine the association between appendicular adiposity and hypertension, with the purpose of better understanding the role of body fat distribution on blood pressure (BP). Methods: We included...
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Body Composition and Diabetes

Yoo HJ

Representative body composition related to metabolic diseases in our body include fats and muscles, and accumulation of abdominal fats and loss of muscles caused by aging are the main causes...
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Prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in Indian patients with chronic kidney disease stage 3 & 4

Dubey AK, Sahoo J, Vairappan B, Parameswaran S, PS P

Objectives There is limited literature on the prevalence and determinants of sarcopenia in the Indian predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. The current study attempts to characterize sarcopenia in CKD stages...
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An association between the physical activity level and skeletal muscle mass index in female university students with a past exercise habituation

Oshita K, Myotsuzono R

Objectives This study aims to investigate the association between skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) and physical activity among female university students who had exercise habituation in junior and high school. Methods The body...
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Effects of Contrast Phases on Automated Measurements of Muscle Quantity and Quality Using CT

Kim DW, Kim KW, Ko Y, Park T, Lee J, Lee JB, Ha J, Ahn H, Sung YS, Kim HK

Objective: Muscle quantity and quality can be measured with an automated system on CT. However, the effects of contrast phases on the muscle measurements have not been established, which we...
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Musclin Is Related to Insulin Resistance and Body Composition, but Not to Body Mass Index or Cardiorespiratory Capacity in Adults

Sánchez YL, Yepes-Calderón M, Valbuena L, Milán AF, Trillos-Almanza MC, Granados S, Peña M, Estrada-Castrillón M, Aristizábal JC, Narvez-Sanchez R, Gallo-Villegas J, Calderón JC

Background: We studied whether musclin function in humans is related to glycemic control, body composition, and cardiorespiratory capacity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in sedentary adults with or without metabolic...
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Birth Weight Predicts Anthropometric and Body Composition Assessment Results in Adults: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Salmi IA, Hannawi S

Background: A poor intrauterine environment is associated with increased risks of hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and/or diabetes. This study evaluated relationships between birth weight and body habitus in a representative...
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Maternal Hyperglycemia during Pregnancy Increases Adiposity of Offspring

Chung HR, Moon JH, Lim JS, Lee YA, Shin CH, Hong JS, Kwak SH, Choi SH, Jang HC

Background: The effect of intrauterine hyperglycemia on fat mass and regional fat proportion of the offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes mellitus (OGDM) remains to be determined. Methods: The body composition...
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Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Ahn SS, Yoo BW, Kwon HC, Yoo J, Jung SM, Song JJ, Park YB, Lee SW

Background/Aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of...
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Cross-Calibration of Bone Mineral Densities and Body Composition between GE Lunar Prodigy and Osteosys Primus

Ha YC, Yoo JI

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition measured by the Osteosys Primus® and the GE Lunar Prodigy® and...
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Effect of Antioxidant Improvement Program with Health Contract on Antioxidant Indicators and Body Composition in Female College Students

Kang SY, Chae YR

Purpose: This study targeted female university students in their 20s and created an antioxidant improvement program with a health contract, one of the behavioral modification therapies, based on King’s (1981)...
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Impact of Visceral Fat Area Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis on Clinico-Pathologic Outcomes of Colorectal Surgery

Kim KE, Song WJ, Seok M, Bae SU, Jeong WK, Baek SK

Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between the visceral fat area (VFA) and clinico-pathological outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: This retrospective study included 204 patients who underwent anthropometric...
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The Effects of a 7000-Step Goal and Weekly Group Walking Program for Overweight and Obese Elderly People in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Quasi-experimental Study

Saad MF, Cheah WL, Hazmi H

Objectives: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading global risk factor for mortality, followed by obesity. The combination of these risk factors is associated with non-communicable diseases, impaired physical function, and...
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Sex Differences in Obstructive Sleep Apnea by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

Kim JR, Song P, Joo EY

Background and Purpose Obesity is known of one of the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although body mass index (BMI) can be an indicator for obesity, it does...
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Age- and Sex-Related Differential Associations between Body Composition and Diabetes Mellitus

Roh E, Hwang SY, Kim JA, Lee YB, Hong Sh, Kim NH, Seo JA, Kim SG, Kim NH, Choi KM, Baik SH, Yoo HJ

Background The age- and sex-related differences on the impacts of body composition on diabetes mellitus (DM) remain uncertain. Methods The fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey included 15,586 subjects...
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Effect of Cross-Sex Hormones on Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, and Muscle Strength in Trans Women

Yun Y, Kim D, Lee ES

Background: Cross-sex hormone therapy (CHT) changes the physical characteristics of transgender women to match their gender identity and expression. This study aimed to determine the effects of feminizing cross-sex hormones...
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Development and validation of prediction equations for the assessment of muscle or fat mass using anthropometric measurements, serum creatinine level, and lifestyle factors among Korean adults

Lee G, Chang J, Hwang Ss, Son JS, Park SM

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The measurement of body composition, including muscle and fat mass, remains challenging in large epidemiological studies due to time constraint and cost when using accurate modalities. Therefore, this study...
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Validation of Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the Analysis of Body Composition in Mice

Baek KW, Kim JS, Park JS, Kim SJ, Ha YC, Jeong OY, Yoo JI

Background: As an instrument for measuring body composition in experimental animals, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is ideal for accuracy, cost, and measurement efficiency. However, there is too little insight...
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