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Application of 16S rRNA Gene-Targeted Next-Generation Sequencing for Bacterial Pathogen Detection in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Peritonitis

Kim YA, Kang EW, Moon HS, Kim D, Yong D

BACKGROUND: 16S rRNA gene-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) can detect microorganisms in a comprehensive reference database. To date, NGS has been successfully applied to samples such as urine, blood, and synovial...
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Concomitant Liver and Brain Abscesses Caused by Parvimonas Micra

Kim EY, Baek YH, Jung DS, Woo KS

Anaerobic infections have been reported to be responsible for 3–10% of pyogenic liver abscesses in Korea, and reported anaerobes include Fusobacterium, Bacillus fragilis, and Bacteroides melaninogenicus. Parvimonas micra is an...
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Clinical evaluation of cetylpyridinium chloride-containing mouthwash in halitosis

Kang M, Kim B, Park H, Lee E

Halitosis is a very common disease that affects the majority of the population and is characterized by unpleasant odor during expiration. Anaerobic bacteria produce a range of malodorous substances including...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns of Anaerobic Bacterial Clinical Isolates From 2014 to 2016, Including Recently Named or Renamed Species

Byun JH, Kim M, Lee Y, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: Anaerobic bacterial resistance trends may vary across regions or institutions. Regional susceptibility patterns are pivotal in the empirical treatment of anaerobic infections. We determined the antimicrobial resistance patterns of...
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Diagnosis of Enterococcus hirae infection in association with piglet diarrhea

Jang S, Shin S, Kim SH, Kim H, Moon C

Various viral and bacterial pathogens interact with environmental factors to cause diarrhea in piglets. Enterococcus spp. are Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of several...
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Changes in Antimicrobial Susceptibility Pattern of Blood Isolates at a University Hospital in the Kyungnam area during 2005–2014

Yang D, Lee W

OBJECTIVES: Blood culture is a one of the most important procedure for diagnosis and treatment of infectious disease, but distribution of pathogenic species and the antimicrobial susceptibility can be vary...
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Actinomycosis Involving Chronic Pancreatitis: A Case Report with Literature Review

Yeo SJ, Cho CM, Jung MK, Kim KJ, Kim MH, Cho SH, Kim GC, Seo AN

Actinomycosis is a slowly progressive, chronic infectious disease. It is caused by the genus Actinomyces, which are gram-positive anaerobic bacteria. It presents as a mass-like lesion, composed of bacterial nidus...
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Septic Arthritis Caused by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron Bacteremia in a Patient with Multiple Myeloma

Noh M, Kim B, Kim J, Choi H, Yeom J, Jung T, Pai H

Septic arthritis is rarely caused by anaerobic bacteria, which is mostly secondary to hematogenous dissemination among the immunocompromised host. We report a patient of septic arthritis on the right knee...
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Targeted Cancer Therapy Using Engineered Salmonella typhimurium

Zheng JH, Min JJ

Obligate or facultative anaerobic bacteria such as Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Salmonella, or Escherichia coli specifically colonize and proliferate inside tumor tissues and inhibit tumor growth. Among them, attenuated Salmonella typhimurium (S....
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Anaerobic Bacteremia: Impact of Inappropriate Therapy on Mortality

Kim J, Lee Y, Park Y, Kim M, Choi JY, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Investigation on incidence and mortality of anaerobic bacteremia (AB) is clinically relevant in spite of its infrequent occurrence and not often explored, which report varies according to period and...
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Multicenter Study of Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Anaerobic Bacteria in Korea in 2012

Lee Y, Park YJ, Kim MN, Uh Y, Kim MS, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Periodic monitoring of regional or institutional resistance trends of clinically important anaerobic bacteria is recommended, because the resistance of anaerobic pathogens to antimicrobial drugs and inappropriate therapy are associated...
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A Solitary Pancreatic Actinomycosis Mimicking Pancreatic Cancer

Kim MC, Lee H, Park J, Park JS, Oh D, Kang HJ, Yu E, Kim MH

Actinomycosis is a chronic, slowly progressive, and suppurative disease caused by filamentous anaerobic bacteria Actinomyces, which results in characteristic sulfur granules. Clinically, actinomycosis can present with a mass-like lesion, and...
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Impact of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program on Unnecessary Double Anaerobic Coverage Prescription

Song YJ, Kim M, Huh S, Lee J, Lee E, Song KH, Kim ES, Kim HB

BACKGROUND: Co-administration of two or more antimicrobials with anti-anaerobic activity is not recommended except in certain circumstances. We therefore conducted an intervention to reduce unnecessary double anaerobic coverage (DAC) prescription. MATERIALS...
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Comparison of the Vitek 2, API 20A, and 16s rRNA Gene Sequencing for the Identification of Anaerobic Bacteria

Park GC, Jang SJ, Lee MJ, Kook JK, Kim MJ, Kim YS, Yang NW, Lee HS, Kang SH, Park G, Moon DS

BACKGROUND: Recently, genotypic identification of anaerobes is emerging as an alternative to the phenotypic method. In this study, we evaluated the performance of Vitek 2, API 20A and 16s rRNA...
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Evaluation of Blood Culture System for Culture of Body Fluids

Park SD, Uh Y, Jang IH, Hong M, Lee HG, Lee KS, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Invasive and life-threatening infections such as meningitis, pericarditis, peritonitis, empyema, and septic arthritis are diagnosed via culture of relevant body fluids (BFs). The blood culture system (BCS) has been...
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Annual Report on External Quality Assessment Scheme for Clinical Microbiology in Korea (2014)

Ko YJ, Kim MN, Kim EC, Shin JH, Lee NY, Kim S, Jeong SH, Kim JS, Kim CK, Bae HG, Yoon NS, Joo SI, Hwang YY, Kim K, Jang IH, Heo J, Clinical Microbiology Subcommittee, Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service

Annual proficiency surveys were performed in March, June and September 2014 by clinical microbiology division of The Korean Association of Quality Assurance for Clinical Laboratory. Parasitology part has been newly...
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Eleven-Year Experience of Clostridial Bacteremia at a Tertiary Care Hospital in South Korea

Kim Y, Yun JW, Chun S, Huh HJ, Lee NY

BACKGROUND: Clostridial bacteremia (CB) is the second most frequent anaerobic bacteremia, and CB patients show high mortality without prompt antimicrobial therapy. We retrospectively reviewed 11 years of CB cases in...
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Evaluation of VITEK Mass Spectrometry (MS), a Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time-of-Flight MS System for Identification of Anaerobic Bacteria

Lee W, Kim M, Yong D, Jeong SH, Lee K, Chong Y

BACKGROUND: By conventional methods, the identification of anaerobic bacteria is more time consuming and requires more expertise than the identification of aerobic bacteria. Although the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight...
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Cervicofacial Actinomycosis with Orbit Involvement

Lee TY, Lee EJ, Chang HW, Jung HR, Kim EM, Lee H, Kim SP, Lee SK

Actinomycosis is caused by filamentous Gram positive anaerobic bacteria from the Actinomycetaceae family, and known as a rare cause of the infection at the eyeball. We report magnetic resonance findings...
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A Case of Paenibacillus-induced Sepsis Complicated with Pneumatocele in a Very Low Birth Weight Infant

Choi SK, Han MH, Bae CW, Choi YS

  • KMID: 2312961
  • Neonatal Med.
  • 2014 Feb;21(1):69-73.
Paenibacillus spp. are gram-positive, rod-shaped, facultative anaerobic bacteria found in nature and rarely cause diseases in humans. We report our experience with Paenibacillus-induced sepsis complicated with pneumatocele in a very...
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