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What is the Current Evidence on Vertebral Body Osteonecrosis?: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Formica M, Zanirato A, Cavagnaro , Basso M, Divano S, Formica C, Felli L

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):586-599.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.586
Osteonecrosis (ON) is a clinical entity characterized by a pattern of cell death and complex process of bone resorption and formation. Studies related to ON have largely focused on certain...
Etiology, Evaluation, and Treatment of Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Sebaaly A, Lahoud MJ, Rizkallah , Kreichati , Kharrat K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):574-585.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.574
The study aimed to review the etiology of failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) and to propose a treatment algorithm based on a systematic review of the current literature and individual...
Biportal Endoscopic Spine Surgery for Various Foraminal Lesions at the Lumbosacral Lesion

Choi DJ, Kim JE, Jung JT, Kim YS, Jang HJ, Yoo B, Kang IH

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):569-573.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.569
The stenosing foramen of L5–S1 by several degenerative diseases is one of the challenging areas on surgical approaching because of the deeper depth and steep slope in the lumbosacral junction....
Do Pedicle Screws in Concave Apex of Scoliosis Offer Any Advantages?

Pithwa YK

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):563-568.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.563
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. PURPOSE: To assess the relative advantages of implant constructs with and without pedicle screws in the concave apex for correcting scoliosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
Influence of Skeletal Muscle Mass and Spinal Alignment on Surgical Outcomes for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Eguchi Y, Suzuki M, Yamanaka H, Tamai H, Kobayashi , Orita S, Yamauchi K, Suzuki M, Inage K, Fujimoto K, Kanamoto H, Abe K, Norimoto M, Umimura T, Aoki Y, Koda M, Furuya T, Toyone T, Ozawa T, Takahashi , Ohtori S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):556-562.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.556
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. PURPOSE: We considered the relationship between spinal alignment and skeletal muscle mass on clinical outcomes following a surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There...
Surgical Outcomes of Pediatric Patients with Asymptomatic Tethered Cord Syndrome

Seki T, Hida K, Yano S, Houkin K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):551-555.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.551
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To examine the validity of prophylactic surgery for children with tethered cord syndrome (TCS). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Prophylactic surgery for pediatric patients with TCS remains...
Clinical and Radiological Outcomes of Modified Mini-Open and Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Comparative Study

Ganesan S, Jayabalan , Kumar V, Kailash K

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):544-550.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.544
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of modified mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (modMOTLIF) and open TLIF (OTLIF). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar...
Risk Factors Associated with Pain Severity in Patients with Non-specific Low Back Pain in Southern China

Sribastav , Long J, He P, He W, Ye F, Li Z, Wang J, Lui H, Wang H, Zheng Z

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):533-543.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.533
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factors associated with the severity of pain intensity in patients with non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) in Southern China. OVERVIEW OF...
Analysis of Adjacent Fractures after Two-Level Percutaneous Vertebroplasty: Is the Intervening Vertebral Body Prone to Re-fracture?

Han S, Jang IT

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):524-532.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.524
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: This retrospective study aimed to determine the incidence of adjacent level new fractures in a sandwich constellation (one or two untreated vertebrae between two cemented vertebrae)...
Clinical Correlation between Muscle Damage and Oswestry Disability Index Score after Open Lumbar Surgery: Does Open Surgery Reduces Functional Ability?

Tandon R, Kiyawat V, Kumar N

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):518-523.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.518
STUDY DESIGN: Single-surgeon, single-center prospective study with prospective data collection. PURPOSE: To clinically evaluate muscle damage after open lumbar surgery and its relationship to functional activity and to validatethe improvement in...
Outcome of Percutaneous Transforaminal Endoscopic Lumbar Surgery in >60-Year-Old Patients with Low Back Pain

Singh R, Xin GZ, Hirachan M, Cheng LY

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):511-517.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.511
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcome of percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic lumbar surgery (PTELS) and to evaluate the efficacy of this technique in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation...
Effectiveness of Activity-Based Therapy in Comparison with Surface Spinal Stimulation in People with Traumatic Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury for Activation of Central Pattern Generator for Locomotion: Study Protocol for a 24-Week Randomized Controlled Tri

Bedi PK, Arumugam N, Chhabra HS

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):503-510.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.503
STUDY DESIGN: A multi-centric randomized controlled trial to be conducted at two sites, department of Physiotherapy, Punjabi University, Patiala and rehabilitation department, Indian Spinal Injury Centre, New Delhi, India. PURPOSE: To...
The Role of a Multi-Step Core Stability Exercise Program in the Treatment of Nurses with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Single-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

Noormohammadpour P, Kordi M, Mansournia MA, Akbari-Fakhrabadi M, Kordi R

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):490-502.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.490
STUDY DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized controlled trial. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of a multi-step core stability exercise program in nurses with chronic low back pain (CLBP). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: CLBP is a...
Minimal Dose of Tranexamic Acid Is Effective in Reducing Blood Loss in Complex Spine Surgeries: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Study

Shakeri M, Salehpour , Shokouhi G, Aeinfar K, Aghazadeh , Mirzaei F, Alavi SA

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):484-489.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.484
STUDY DESIGN: A randomized double-blind placebo controlled study. PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to assess the efficacy of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss after laminectomy and posterolateral...
Factors Associated with the Symptoms of Young Adults with L5 Spondylolysis

Kim MW, Lee KY, Lee S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):476-483.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.476
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To investigate the factors affecting symptoms in young adults with L5 spondylolysis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: L5 spondylolysis is a common disease. However, not all patients...
Simultaneous Surgical Treatment of Congenital Spinal Deformity Associated with Intraspinal Anomalies

Singrakhia M, Malewar N, Deshmukh S, Deshmukh S

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):466-475.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.466
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. PURPOSE: To study the safety, efficacy, and long-term outcomes of single-stage surgical intervention for congenital spinal deformity and intraspinal anomalies. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Congenital spinal deformities associated...
Preoperative Mechanical Bowel Evacuation Reduces Intraoperative Bleeding and Operation Time in Spinal Surgery

Rezvani M, Abbasi R, Tabesh H, Dehghani L, Dolatkhah , Nasri M, Kolahdouzan M, Meamar R

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):459-465.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.459
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the effect of mechanical evacuation of the bowels prior to operation on intraoperative bleeding. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Bleeding is the most...
Combined Laminoplasty and Posterior Fusion for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Treatment: A Literature Review

Bridges KJ, Simpson LN, Bullis CL, Rekito A, Sayama CM, Than KD

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):446-458.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.446
STUDY DESIGN: A literature review. PURPOSE: To explore the utility of laminoplasty in combination with instrumented fusion, with a focus on neurological outcomes and changes in kyphotic deformity. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Management...
Perioperative Management of Patients with Hemophilia during Spinal Surgery

Kobayashi , Imagama S, Ando K, Ito K, Tsushima M, Morozumi M, Tanaka S, Machino M, Ota K, Nishida Y, Ishiguro N

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):442-445.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.442
STUDY DESIGN: Single-center retrospective study. PURPOSE: To optimize the perioperative management of patients with hemophilia who are undergoing spinal surgery. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Hemophilia is a rare disease in which there is...
Surgical Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Stabilization for Spinal Fractures in Patients with Ankylosing Spinal Disorders

Kai K, Ikuta K, Masuda K, Kitamura T, Senba H, Shidahara

  • Asian Spine J.
  • 2018 Jun;12(3):434-441.
  • doi: 10.4184/asj.2018.12.3.434
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of ankylosing spinal disorder (ASD) patients with spinal fractures treated by minimally invasive stabilization (MISt) using percutaneous pedicle...

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