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Beta-Lactam Plus Macrolide for Patients Hospitalized With CommunityAcquired Pneumonia: Difference Between Autumn and Spring

Kim Y, Jeon Y, Kwon KT, Bae S, Hwang S, Chang HH, Kim SW, Lee WK, Yang KH, Shin JH, Shim EK

Background: The 2017 Korean guideline on community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) recommended beta-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy for patients hospitalized with severe pneumonia, and beta-lactam monotherapy for mild-to-moderate pneumonia. However, antibiotic treatment regimen...
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Quantitative Evaluation of the Economic Impact of Antimicrobial Resistance on the Treatment of Community-Acquired Acute Pyelonephritis in Korea

Cheong T, Ahn J, Kim YS, Pai H, Kim B

Background: The proportion of antimicrobial-resistant Enterobacteriales as a causative pathogen of community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (APN) has been increasing. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the impact of...
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Microorganisms Isolated from Urine Cultures and Their Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns at a Commercial Laboratory during 2018-2020

Kwak B, Hong J, Bae HG, Park YS, Lee MK, Lee K, Lee KR

Background: Antimicrobial resistance of bacterial pathogens that cause urinary tract infections is a leading concern in Korea. This study analyzed the urine culture results and antimicrobial susceptibility trend in different...
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Antimicrobial Resistance for Chlamydia Trachomatis Genital Infection during Pregnancy in Japan

Suzuki S, Hoshi Si, Sagara Y, Sekizawa A, Kinoshita K, Kitamura T

The current study examined the antimicrobial resistance of Chlamydia Trachomatis (CT) genital infection during pregnancy in Japan. We requested 2,146 obstetrical facilities that are members of Japan Association of Obstetricians...
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Molecular characteristics of Escherichia coli from bulk tank milk in Korea

Yoon S, Lee YJ

Background: Escherichia coli, which causes subclinical or clinical mastitis in cattle, is responsible for transmitting antimicrobial resistance via human consumption of raw milk or raw milk products. Objectives: The objective of...
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Prevalence, species, and antimicrobial resistance of Acinetobacter in surgical practice and laboratory dog husbandry room environments

Nakbubpa K, Janchawna R, Thumchop W, Panboonthong A, Pornsukarom S

Acinetobacter is a bacteria found in the environment and clinical specimens, causing nosocomial infection and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threats. This study examined the prevalence, species, and AMR characteristics of Acinetobacter...
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Guidelines on Implementing Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs in Korea

Yoon YK, Kwon KT, Jeong SJ, Moon C, Kim B, Kiem S, Kim Hs, Heo E, Kim SW, KSfATKSoIDaKSoHSP

These guidelines were developed as a part of the 2021 Academic R&D Service Project of the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency in response to requests from healthcare professionals in...
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Ten-Year Prevalence Trends of Phenotypically Identified Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Strains in Clinical Specimens

Yu SH, Lee JH, Kim MC, Choi SH, Chung JW, Lee MK

Background: Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains were first detected in hospitals in Korea between the late 2000s and early 2010s. However, there is limited information regarding the prevalence of CA-MRSA...
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Prevalence and Molecular Epidemiology of ExtendedSpectrum-β-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Escherichia coli From Multiple Sectors of the Swine Industry in Korea: A Korean Nationwide Monitoring Program for a One Health Approach to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Kim YA, Kim H, Seo YH, Park GE, Lee H, Lee K

Background: One health is a flexible concept with many facets, including the environment, community, and the nosocomial super-bacteria resistance network. We investigated the molecular prevalence of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC)...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility Trends of Streptococcus pneumoniae by Age Groups Over Recent 10 Years in a Single Hospital in South Korea

Oh H, Heo ST, Kim M, Kim YR, Yoo JR

Purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) causes respiratory tract infections. Its non-vaccine serotypes and multidrug-resistant pneumococcal diseases have increased during the post-pneumococcal vaccination era. Therefore, it is important to understand the...
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Basic Bacteriology for Infection Control

Kim B

As bacteria are pathogens that often cause healthcare-associated infections, it is important to understand their characteristics, in order to carry out proper infection control activities. Differences in virulence and site...
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Virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of pathogenic Escherichia coli from piglets showing diarrhea before and after ban on antibiotic growth promoters in feed

Do KH, Byun JW, Lee WK

Abstract: This study examined the prevalence of adherence factors, toxin genes, antimicrobial resistance phenotypes, and resistance genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from piglets with diarrhea before and...
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Clonal Distribution of Clindamycin-Resistant Erythromycin-Susceptible (CRES) Streptococcus agalactiae in Korea Based on Whole Genome Sequences

Takahashi T, Maeda T, Lee S, Lee DH, Kim S

Background: The clindamycin-resistant erythromycin-susceptible (CRES) phenotype is rare in Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci). We aimed to determine the molecular characteristics of CRES S. agalactiae using whole genome sequencing (WGS). Methods:...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Korea

Kim B, Seo MR, Kim J, Kim Y, Wie SH, Ki M, Cho YK, Lim S, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

Background: Escherichia coli is the predominant causative pathogen for community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs), and the increase in fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli is of great concern in Korea. The objectives of...
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Group B Streptococcus Colonization, Antibiotic Susceptibility, and Serotype Distribution among Saudi Pregnant Women

Mohamed AM, Khan MA, Faiz A, Ahmad J, Khidir EB, Basalamah MA, Aslam A

Background: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) comprises the normal flora of the female urogenital tract and can be transferred to neonates during delivery, causing invasive diseases. This study was performed to investigate...
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Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Korea: antimicrobial resistance and molecular characteristics of LA-MRSA strains isolated from pigs, pig farmers, and farm environment

Back SH, Eom HS, Lee HH, Lee GY, Park KT, Yang SJ

The emergence of livestock-associated (LA)-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in livestock animal has become a significant zoonotic concern. In the present study, we investigated nationwide prevalence of LA-MRSA across pork production...
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Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacterial Isolates Recovered from Nursing Hospitals between 2014 and 2017

Yun SH, Gwon B, Hong HL, Lim HS, Lee KR, Jang I, Yoon EJ, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an issue not only with regard to public health, but also in terms of economic impact. AMR surveillance has mainly been carried out in general...
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Prevalence and characteristics of livestock-associated methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in the pork production chain in Korea

Eom HS, Back SH, Lee HH, Lee GY, Yang SJ

The emergence and prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) in livestock animals have become a worldwide public health concern. While the prevalence and genetic profiles...
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Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Invasive and Noninvasive Streptococcus pneumoniae Isolates in Korea between 2014 and 2016

Park DC, Kim SH, Yong D, Suh IB, Kim YR, Yi J, Song W, Song SA, Moon HW, Lee HK, Park KU, Kim S, Jeong SH, Lee J, Jeong J, Kim YK, Lee M, Cho J, Kim JW, Shin KS, Hwang SH, Chung JW, Woo HI, Lee CH, Ryoo N, Chang CL, Kim HS, Kim J, Shin JH, Kim SH, Lee MK, Lee SG, Jang SJ, Lee K, Suh H, Sohn YH, Kwon MJ, Lee HJ, Hong KH, Woo KS, Park CM, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Several factors contribute to differences in Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype distribution. We investigated the serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of S. pneumoniae isolated between 2014 and 2016 in Korea. METHODS: We...
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Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella Isolated in Korea in 2015

Kim SH, Park EH, Hwang IY, Lee H, Song SA, Lee M, Lee S, Kim SY, Kim JJ, Shin JH, Hong SG, Shin KS, Kim S, Ryoo NH, Lee W, Jang SJ, Shin JH

BACKGROUND: Salmonella is an important pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and sepsis in humans. Recently, changes in serotype prevalence and an increase in antimicrobial resistance have been reported. This study investigated...
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