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Long-term Transanal Excision Outcomes in Patients With T1 Rectal Cancer: Comparative Analysis of Radical Resection

Hwang Y, Yoon YS, Bong JW, Choi HY, Song IH, Lee JL, Kim CW, Park IJ, Lim SB, Yu CS, Kim JC

PURPOSE: Transanal excision (TAE) is an alternative surgical procedure for early rectal cancer. This study compared long-term TAE outcomes, in terms of survival and local recurrence (LR), with total mesorectal...
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Postoperative Bowel Function After Anal Sphincter-Preserving Rectal Cancer Surgery: Risks Factors, Diagnostic Modalities, and Management

Cura Pales CG, An S, Cruz JP, Kim K, Kim Y

Low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) refers to a disturbance of bowel function that commonly manifests within 1 month after rectal cancer surgery. A low level of anastomosis and chemoradiotherapy have...
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Defective Conduction of Anorectal Afferents Is a Very Prevalent Pathophysiological Factor Associated to Fecal Incontinence in Women

Mundet L, Cabib C, Ortega O, Rofes L, Tomsen N, Marin S, Chacón C, Clavé P

  • KMID: 2454641
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Jul;25(3):423-435.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18196
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal incontinence (FI) is a prevalent condition among women. While biomechanical motor components have been thoroughly researched, anorectal sensory aspects are less known. We studied the pathophysiology of FI...
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Effectiveness of Autologous Fat Graft in Treating Fecal Incontinence

Jeong H, Hwang SH, Kim HR, Ryu KO, Lim J, Yu HM, Yoon J, Kim CY, Jeong KY, Jung YJ, Jeong IS, Choi YG

PURPOSE: The most common risk factor for fecal incontinence (FI) is obstetric injury. FI affects 1.4%–18% of adults. Most patients are unaware when they are young, when symptoms appear suddenly...
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A Case of Mucinous Nevus on Left Buttock Near the Anus

Choi W, Hahn HJ, Myung KB, Cheong SH

  • KMID: 2451595
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2019 Jun;57(5):284-285.
No abstract available.
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Gracilis pull-through flap for the repair of a recalcitrant recto-vaginal fistula

James Mok , Goh MH, Tang CL, Tan BK

Recto-vaginal fistulas are difficult to treat due to their high recurrence rate. Currently, no single surgical intervention is universally regarded as the best treatment option for rectovaginal fistulas. We present...
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Control of Motility in the Internal Anal Sphincter

Keef KD, Cobine CA

  • KMID: 2449091
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2019 Apr;25(2):189-204.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm18172
The internal anal sphincter (IAS) plays an important role in the maintenance of fecal continence since it generates tone and is responsible for > 70% of resting anal pressure. During...
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Report of an inferior rectal nerve variant arising from the S3 ventral ramus

Dupont G, Iwanaga J, Oskouian R, Tubbs RS

In surgical approaches to the perineum in general and anal region specifically, considering the possible variations of the inferior rectal nerve is important for the surgeon. Normally, the inferior rectal...
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MRI T2-Weighted Imaging and Fat-Suppressed T2-Weighted Imaging Image Fusion Technology Improves Image Discriminability for the Evaluation of Anal Fistulas

Feng ST, Huang M, Dong Z, Xu L, Li Y, Jia Y, Cai H, Shen B, Li ZP

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether MRI fusion technology (combined T2-weighted imaging [T2WI] and fat-suppressed T2WI [T2WI-(FS)]) improves signal differences between anal fistulas and surrounding structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32...
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A universal ultrasound diagnostic system developed to support urology and coloproctological applications

Kim JS, Lee JG, Choi JH, Han BH, Yoon SL, Jung H, Song TK, Lee JY

In this study, we sought to describe a novel imaging apparatus that is lightweight, inexpensive, and highly eff ective for use in colorectal diagnostic and treatment settings. Typical probes for...
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Hidradenoma Papilliferum of the Anus: A Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature

Seo GJ, Seo JH, Cho KJ, Cho HS

Hidradenoma papilliferum is a rare benign cystic tumor that originates from apocrine glands or anogenital mammary glands. Here, we describe 2 cases of hidradenoma papilliferum of the anus. Two female...
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Comparison of Ultrasound-Guided Transgluteal and Finger-Guided Transvaginal Pudendal Nerve Block Techniques: Which One is More Effective?

Kale A, Usta T, Basol G, Cam I, Yavuz M, Aytuluk HG

PURPOSE: Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a painful and disabling condition, which reduces the quality of life as well. Pudendal nerve infiltrations are essential for the diagnosis and the management of...
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Efficacy of Anal Needle Electrodes for Intraoperative Spinal Cord Monitoring with Transcranial Muscle Action Potentials

Kobayashi , Ando K, Yagi H, Ito K, Tsushima M, Morozumi M, Tanaka S, Machino M, Ota K, Matsuyama , Ishiguro N, Imagama S

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between postoperative bowel bladder disorder (BBD) and the efficacy of needle electrodes for the external anal sphincter (EAS) in intraoperative spinal cord...
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Comparison of Anogenital Distance and Correlation with Vulvo-vaginal Atrophy: A Pilot Study on Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women

Domenici L, Musella A, Bracchi C, Lecce F, Schiavi MC, Colagiovanni V, Di Donato , Marchetti , Tomao F, Palaia I, Muzii L, Benedetti Panici P

OBJECTIVES: Anogenital distance (AGD) represents the space between labia posterior commissure and anus. This was pilot study to investigate how menopause and so lack of oestrogens affects AGD. METHODS: A total...
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Anorectal Manometry in Defecatory Disorders: A Comparative Analysis of High-resolution Pressure Topography and Waveform Manometry

Lee YY, Erdogan A, Yu S, Dewitt A, Rao SS

  • KMID: 2417391
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2018 Jul;24(3):460-468.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm17081
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Whether high-resolution anorectal pressure topography (HRPT), having better fidelity and spatio-temporal resolution is comparable to waveform manometry (WM) in the diagnosis and characterization of defecatory disorders (DD) is not...
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Evaluation of 153 Asymptomatic Subjects Using the Anopress Portable Anal Manometry Device

Leo CA, Cavazzoni , Thomas GP, Hodgkison , Murphy J, Vaizey CJ

  • KMID: 2417388
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2018 Jul;24(3):431-436.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm17135
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Anopress device is a new portable manometry system. The aim of this study is to formulate normative data using this new device by recording the anorectal function of...
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Assessment of functional defecation disorders using anorectal manometry

Seong MK

PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the discriminating accuracy of anorectal manometry (ARM) between nonconstipated (NC) subjects and functionally constipated (FC) subjects, and between FC subjects with and without functional...
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A Case of Diffuse Extramammary Paget's Disease of Vulva and Anus Showing a Good Response to Radiotherapy

Song SE, Hong SG, Ro KW, Heo EP

  • KMID: 2436692
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2018 May;56(4):284-300.
No abstract available.
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Essential Anatomy of the Anorectum for Colorectal Surgeons Focused on the Gross Anatomy and Histologic Findings

Lee JM, Kim NK

The anorectum is a region with a very complex structure, and surgery for benign or malignant disease of the anorectum is impossible without accurate anatomical knowledge. The conjoined longitudinal muscle...
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Risk factors of stoma re-creation after closure of diverting ileostomy in patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection or intersphincteric resection with loop ileostomy

Song O, Kim KH, Lee SY, Kim CH, Kim YJ, Kim HR

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors of stoma re-creation after closure of diverting ileostomy in patients with rectal cancer who underwent low anterior resection...
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