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Associations Between Trunk Muscle/Fat Composition, Narrowing Lumbar Disc Space, and Low Back Pain in Middle-Aged Farmers: A Cross-Sectional Study

Baek S, Park Hw, Kim G

Objective To investigate the association of trunk fat and muscle composition, lumbar disc space narrowing, and low back pain in middle-aged farmers. Methods Fat and muscle areas were identified using standard...
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Sex Differences of Visceral Fat Area and Visceral-to-Subcutaneous Fat Ratio for the Risk of Incident Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Kim EH, Kim HK, Lee MJ, Bae SJ, Choe J, Jung CH, Kim CH, Park JY, Lee WJ

Background: This study aimed to determine the optimal cut-off values of visceral fat area (VFA) and visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) for predicting incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total...
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Lower High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Concentration Is Independently Associated with Greater Future Accumulation of Intra-Abdominal Fat

Song SO, Hwang YC, Ryu HU, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ

Background: Both intra-abdominal fat (IAF) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are known to be associated with cardiometabolic health. We evaluated whether the accumulation of computed tomography (CT)-measured IAF over 5...
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Differences in Abdominal Body Composition According to Glycemic Status: An Inverse Probability Treatment Weighting Analysis

Han S, Jeon YJ, Park GM, Lee TY, Park SE, Yu G, Kang BJ

Background: Several studies have reported that abdominal fat and muscle changes occur in diabetic patients. However, there are few studies about such changes among prediabetic patients. In this study, we...
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The effect of changes in total body fat amount and abdominal fat ratio on lung function decline in healthy adults

Ahn KM, Lee SH, Kim SS

Purpose: Many studies have shown that obesity is one of the major causes of lung function decline. However, a longitudinal study of the correlation between changes in obesity degree and...
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Noninvasive prediction of carotid artery atherosclerosis by multiple abdominal fat indices measured via ultrasonography

Hazem M, Elsamman M, Bazeed S, Zaki M

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of multiple abdominal fat indices as measured via ultrasonography for predicting the presence and severity of carotid artery atherosclerosis...
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Expression of LONP1 Is High in Visceral Adipose Tissue in Obesity, and Is Associated with Glucose and Lipid Metabolism

Lee JH, Jung SB, Lee SE, Kim JE, Kim JT, Kang YE, Kang SG, Yi HS, Ko YB, Lee KH, Ku BJ, Shong M, Kim HJ

Background: The nature and role of the mitochondrial stress response in adipose tissue in relation to obesity are not yet known. To determine whether the mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt)...
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Age- and Sex-Related Differential Associations between Body Composition and Diabetes Mellitus

Roh E, Hwang SY, Kim JA, Lee YB, Hong Sh, Kim NH, Seo JA, Kim SG, Kim NH, Choi KM, Baik SH, Yoo HJ

Background The age- and sex-related differences on the impacts of body composition on diabetes mellitus (DM) remain uncertain. Methods The fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey included 15,586 subjects...
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Risk for metabolic syndrome in the population with visceral fat area measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis

Jeon HH, Lee YK, Kim DH, Pak H, Shin SY, Seo JH

Background/Aims: To investigate whether visceral fat area (VFA) measured by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) was associated with metabolic syndrome in subjects with and without obesity. Methods: A total 23,202 participants who...
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Genetic and Environmental Factors Contributing to Visceral Adiposity in Asian Populations

Williams R, Periasamy M

Obesity-associated metabolic illnesses are increasing at an alarming rate in Asian countries. A common feature observed in the Asian population is a higher incidence of abdominal obesity—the “skinny-fat” Asian syndrome....
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Comparison of Computed Tomography-based Abdominal Adiposity Indexes as Predictors of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Middle-aged Korean Men and Women

Baek J, Jung SJ, Shim JS, Jeon YW, Seo E, Kim HC

Objectives: We compared the associations of 3 computed tomography (CT)-based abdominal adiposity indexes with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among middle-aged Korean men and women. Methods: The participants were 1366 men...
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Apolipoprotein B Levels Predict Future Development of Hypertension Independent of Visceral Adiposity and Insulin Sensitivity

Han SJ, Fujimoto WY, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Boyko EJ

Background: High plasma apolipoprotein B (apoB) levels have been shown to be associated with hypertension, central obesity, and insulin resistance in cross-sectional research. However, it is unclear whether apoB levels...
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Intra-Abdominal Fat and High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Are Associated in a Non-Linear Pattern in Japanese-Americans

Song SO, Hwang YC, Kahn SE, Leonetti DL, Fujimoto WY, Boyko EJ

Background: We describe the association between high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration and computed tomography (CT)-measured fat depots. Methods: We examined the cross-sectional associations between HDL-C concentration and intra-abdominal (IAF), abdominal...
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Visceral-to-Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat Ratio Is Associated with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Liver Fibrosis

Jung CH, Rhee EJ, Kwon H, Chang Y, Ryu S, Lee WY

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of visceral-to-subcutaneous fat ratio (VSR) with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced fibrosis degree based on noninvasive serum fibrosis markers in the general population...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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Prognostic Significance of the Imaging Parameters of Adipose Tissue and Bone Marrow on F-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT in Patients with Malignant Melanoma

Lee JH, Lee SM, Kim JE

PURPOSE: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of bone marrow (BM) and adipose tissue is known to reflect systemic inflammatory response to cancer cell. The objective of this study was to evaluate the...
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Association of visceral adiposity and insulin resistance with colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer

Jung IS, Shin CM, Park SJ, Park YS, Yoon H, Jo HJ, Kim N, Lee DH

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To examine whether visceral adiposity serves as a risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal adenomas. METHODS: Two hundred healthy subjects, 200 patients with colorectal adenoma, and 151 patients...
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Sarcopenia Is Significantly Associated with Presence and Severity of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Chung GE, Kim MJ, Yim JY, Kim JS, Yoon JW

BACKGROUND: The association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and sarcopenia has been suggested. We investigated the association between sarcopenia and NAFLD independent of visceral adiposity and searched for the...
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Association between Body Fat and Bone Mineral Density in Normal-Weight Middle-Aged Koreans

Kim DH, Lim H, Chang S, Kim JN, Roh YK, Choi MK

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and osteopenia are characterized by reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased fracture risk. Although the risk of fractures is higher in underweight people than in overweight people,...
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Effect of Abdominal Visceral Fat Change on the Regression of Erosive Esophagitis: A Prospective Cohort Study

Nam SY, Kim YW, Park BJ, Ryu KH, Kim HB

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although abdominal visceral fat has been associated with erosive esophagitis in cross-sectional studies, there are few data on the longitudinal effect. We evaluated the effects of abdominal visceral fat...
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