J Korean Acad Nurs.  2008 Dec;38(6):914-922. 10.4040/jkan.2008.38.6.914.

Effect of a Tooth-brushing Education Program on Oral Health of Preschool Children

Affiliations
  • 1Severance Hospital, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea.
  • 2Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
  • 3College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. jsmoon@catholic.ac.kr

Abstract

PURPOSE
To examine the effect of tooth-brushing education on the oral health of preschoolers. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group was used. Two kindergartens were selected and 39 preschoolers from one kindergarten were assigned to the experimental group with tooth-brushing education and 39 from the other kindergarten to the control group. The tooth-brushing education program included 1 session on oral health education, individual tooth-brushing instruction for 1 week and supervised tooth-brushing after lunch for 4 weeks. Oral health behavior including use of tooth paste, tooth-brushing time and method of tooth-brushing, plague, streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and dental caries were measured before and after the education. Fisher's exact test, t-test and paired t-test with the Window SAS 9.1 program were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A significant increase in the use of tooth paste, tooth-brushing time and the practice of correct tooth-brushing and a decrease in plague and development of dental caries were observed in the experimental group. CONCLUSION: This tooth-brushing education was partially effective in improving oral health of preschoolers.

Keyword

Tooth-brushing; Preschool children; Oral health
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