Exp Mol Med.  1999 Sep;31(3):137-141.

Cytolytic activity of mitogen activated old and young mouse spleen cells against tumor target cells expressing high or low levels of Fas antigen

Affiliations
  • 1School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. rajivksaxena@hotmail.com

Abstract

Sensitivity of Fas expressing tumor cells (high levels in Hut78 & Jurkat; low levels in P815) toward the cytotoxic Con-A (5 microg/ml) activated spleen cells from young (12 to 16 week old males) and old (2 year old males) mice were studied. The spleen cells from young mice activated for a day showed high levels of cytotoxic activity against Hut78 and Jurkat cell lines but not against P815 cells. The cytotoxic activity against P815 cells were detected in the spleen cells from old but not young mice following a longer period of Con-A activation (three days). Comparable levels of cytotoxic activity against Hut78 and Jurkat cells were observed in the spleen cells from both young and old mice following three days of activation. Treatment of Hut78 cells with anti-Fas antibody affected the tumor cells become resistant against the cytotoxic activity of the spleen cells from young mice in a dose dependent manner however P815 cells were not affect by the anti-Fas antibody treatment. These results show that there are differences in the sensitivity of target tumor cells toward Con-A induced cytotoxic spleen cells from young and old mouse. Mitogen-induced cytotoxic lymphocytes from young mouse spleen appear to kill targets through mechanisms involving Fas antigen, specially, in early stage (1 day) of activation. Old mouse spleen cells generated high levels of cytotoxic cells in later phase (3 days), which appear to kill through Fas-unrelated mechanisms.

Keyword

cytotoxic cells; mitogen; Fas; Fas ligand; aging

MeSH Terms

Age Factors
Animal
Antigens, CD95/immunology*
Cell Death/immunology
Cells, Cultured
Concanavalin A
Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic
Flow Cytometry
Gene Expression Regulation/immunology
Human
Jurkat Cells
Mice
Mice, Inbred Strains
Mitogens
Spleen/immunology*
T-Lymphocytes/immunology*
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