J Korean Med Sci.  1997 Dec;12(6):532-538. 10.3346/jkms.1997.12.6.532.

Nitrous oxide synthase expression in placenta of preeclampsia

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obsteterics and Gynecology, Pocheon CHA Medical University, Korea.

Abstract

To compare the expression of endothelial nitrous oxide synthase (e-NOS), which plays a major role in vasoconstriction, in preeclampsia with that in the normotensive placenta and to identify whether or not e-NOS actually influences the pathogenesis of preeclampsia, we have studied the distribution and intensity of the endothelial isoform of NOS expression in preeclampsia (n = 121) and normal (n = 14) pregnancies. Archival paraffin-embedded tissues were immunostained with a polyclonal e-NOS antibody. E-NOS was stained predominantly in the endothelial cells of the umbilical cord and along the surface of the villi, especially within the cytoplasms of the syncytiotrophoblasts with a granular and punctuated pattern, but not in the trophoblastic island or in the intravillous capillaries. The degree of e-NOS expression in pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) was significantly lower than in normotensive placenta, and moreover in the patients lacking abruptio. The expression of e-NOS in preeclampsia has some correlation with patient age. In conclusion, the degree of e-NOS expression in cotyledon from PIH is far less than from control, it means a kind of hemodynamic alteration of the fetoplacental circulation in preeclampsia.


MeSH Terms

Adult
Endothelium/enzymology
Female
Fetus/enzymology
Fetus/chemistry
Gestational Age
Human
Immunohistochemistry
Nitric-Oxide Synthase/metabolism*
Nitric-Oxide Synthase/analysis
Placenta/enzymology*
Placenta/chemistry
Pre-Eclampsia/enzymology*
Pregnancy
Tissue Distribution
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