J Korean Med Assoc.  2022 Oct;65(10):628-631. 10.5124/jkma.2022.65.10.628.

The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and chronic diseases

Affiliations
  • 1Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Chronic diseases contribute to 74% of annual global deaths. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic further aggravated the burden of chronic diseases. The reasons for this adverse impact must be elucidated to develop an appropriate response.
Current Concepts
COVID-19 increases the burden of chronic disease in three ways. First, chronic disease comorbidities are associated with a higher severity and fatality rate in patients with COVID-19. Second, the post COVID-19 condition results in chronic health problems. Lastly, a disruption in the system for chronic disease screening and care was observed during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Discussion and Conclusion
Strong efforts are needed to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on chronic diseases, and to re-establish an effective system for chronic disease management.

Keyword

Chronic disease; COVID-19; Post COVID-19 condition; 만성질환; 코로나19; 만성 코로나19 증후군
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