Clin Orthop Surg.  2022 Dec;14(4):622-630. 10.4055/cios20280.

Pressure Properties of Three Different Types of Prefabricated Insoles Related to Plantar Pressure in Asymptomatic Men

  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Han-il General Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea


In clinical fields, many types of insoles are used to not only realign movement patterns, but also treat pressurerelated foot diseases. However, the characteristics of and plantar pressure in each type of insole are still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to validate the plantar pressure-relieving effect of three representative types of insoles (metatarsal padding insole [MPI], lateral heel wedge insole [LHI], and arch support insole [ASI]) in asymptomatic men.
A total of 35 feet of 35 asymptomatic men with a mean age of 23.4 ± 2.0 years were included. Pedobarographic data were evaluated by dividing the foot into eight designated regions to compare the three types of insoles. Peak plantar pressure (PPP) and pressure time integral (PTI) were assessed using the Pedar-X system. A repeated measures analysis of variance was used for statistical analyses.
In the hallux region, there was no statistically significant difference. MPI showed highest pressure in the 2nd–5th toe and midfoot region, but lowest in the central and lateral forefoot regions. Meanwhile, ASI showed highest pressure in the medial forefoot region but lowest in the lateral heel region. Lastly, pressure in the lateral heel region was highest in LHI. Overall, results of PTI were similar to those of PPP.
This study demonstrated that the three types of insole each could reduce and redistribute pressure of specific part of the foot to help select an appropriate insole for each purpose.


Foot; Pressure; Insole
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