Ewha Med J.  2022 Oct;45(4):e13. 10.12771/emj.2022.e13.

Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Myoungji Hospital, Goyang, Korea
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that include hypertension, altered glucose metabolism, dyslipidemia, and abdominal obesity and is strongly associated with an increased risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease onset in obese adults and children. A progressively greater number of children and adolescents are being affected by this syndrome due to the constant increase in the prevalence of obesity. Like obesity, childhood MetS highly tracks to adulthood. The pathogenesis of MetS includes the interaction between obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Early diagnosis and intervention are important in order to conduct lifestyle modification. In this article, we review the definition and pathophysiology of MetS, the importance of screening, and prevention and treatment options for MetS in childhood.

Keyword

Metabolic syndrome; Cardiovascular disease; Obesity; Insulin resistance; Pediatrics

Reference

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