Korean J Health Promot.  2022 Jun;22(2):103-112. 10.15384/kjhp.2022.22.2.103.

Successful Aging Transition and Its Impact on Self-Rated Health and Life Satisfaction: Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2018)

  • 1Department of Family Medicine, Sanbon Hospital, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Gunpo, Korea
  • 2Department of Family Medicine, Ilsan Paik Hospital, College of Medicine, Inje University, Goyang, Korea


The concept of successful aging (SA) is becoming more emphasized. Since this status can change over time, it is necessary to evaluate the pattern of change and its effect on subjective well-being.
In this study, the participants aged 65 or older in the Korean longitudinal study of aging (KLoSA) were divided into four groups based on the change in SA (2006-2018), and its relationships with self-rated health and life satisfaction were evaluated.
Compared to the non-SA (NSA)→NSA group, the odds ratio for positive self-rated health was 4.30 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64-11.31) in the SA→SA group, 3.92 (95% CI, 1.94-7.95) in the NSA→SA group, and 1.79 (95% CI, 1.28-2.50) in the SA→NSA group. High life satisfaction was 2.42 (95% CI, 1.19-4.94) in the SA→SA group and 2.50 (95% CI, 1.36-4.59) in the NSA→SA group.
Maintenance or improvements of a SA state has a significant association with positive self-rated health and high life satisfaction.


Successful aging; Aaging; Health; Life satisfaction


  • Fig. 1. Flowchart of study participants from 2006-2018.

  • Fig. 2. Distribution of successful aging and its transition. (A) Successful aging status of study participants at 2006. (B) Successful aging status followed up at 2018. (C) Transition of successful aging over 12 years. SA, successful aging; NSA, non-successful aging.

  • Fig. 3. Distribution of transition in domains consisting successful aging.


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