Maxillofac Plast Reconstr Surg.  2021;43(1):23. 10.1186/s40902-021-00306-6.

The use of a pedicled buccal fat pad for reconstruction of posterior mandibular defects

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kyung Hee University Dental Hospital at Gangdong, #892 Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 05278, Republic of Korea
  • 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Abstract

Background
The pedicled buccal fat pad has been used for a long time to reconstruct oral defects due to its ease of flap formation and few complications. Many cases related to reconstruction of defects in the maxilla, such as closing the oroantral fistula, have been reported, but cases related to the reconstruction of defects in the mandible are limited. Under adequate anterior traction, pedicled buccal fat pad can be a reliable and effective method for reconstruction of surgical defects in the posterior mandible.
Case presentation
This study describes two cases of reconstruction of surgical oral defects in the posterior mandible, all of which were covered by a pedicled buccal fat pad. The size of the flap was sufficient to perfectly close the defect without any tension. Photographic and radiologic imaging showed successful closure of the defects and no problems were noted in the treated area.
Conclusion
In conclusion, the pedicled buccal fat pad graft is a convenient and reliable method for the reconstruction of surgical defects on the posterior mandible.

Keyword

Mandibular defect; Buccal fat pad; Reconstruction; Pedicled flap; Oral defect
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