Korean Circ J.  2022 Feb;52(2):93-109. 10.4070/kcj.2021.0328.

Lifestyle Modification in the Management of Metabolic Syndrome: Statement From Korean Society of CardioMetabolic Syndrome (KSCMS)

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ewha Womans University Medical Center, Ewha Womans University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Department of Cardiology in Internal Medicine, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri, Korea
  • 5Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 6Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
  • 7Division of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 8Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 9Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang Bucheon Hospital, Soon Chun Hyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea
  • 10Departments of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea
  • 11Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

With the recent rapid increase in obesity worldwide, metabolic syndrome (MetS) has gained significant importance. MetS is a cluster of obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, high blood pressure and impaired glucose tolerance. MetS is highly prevalent and strongly associated with an increased risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, putting a great burden on human society. Therefore, it is very important to reduce MetS risk, which can improve patients’cardiovascular prognosis. The primary and most effective strategy to control each component of MetS is lifestyle change such as losing body weight, keeping regular exercise, adopting a healthy diet, quitting smoking and alcohol drinking in moderation. Many studies have shown that lifestyle modification has improved all components of MetS, and reduces the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Here, the Korean Society of CardioMetabolic Syndrome has summarized specific and practical methods of lifestyle modification in the management of MetS in the healthcare field.

Keyword

Alcohols; Diet; Exercise; Life style; Metabolic syndrome; Smoking
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