Korean Circ J.  2021 Dec;51(12):1033-1035. 10.4070/kcj.2021.0247.

Herniation of Ventricles through Partial Pericardial Defect

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cardiology in Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea


Figure

  • Figure 1 Chest radiograph shows increased heart size suggesting an aneurysmal dilatation of the left ventricle (A), which was not seen in the chest radiograph taken 12 years ago (B).

  • Figure 2 Transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrates indentation (arrow) of mid-portion of the left ventricle (A: parasternal long axis view and B: apical 4 chamber view), which was not noted on the previous echocardiogram performed 12 years ago (C and D).

  • Figure 3 Contrast-enhanced computed tomography reveals herniated mid-portion of the left ventricle and apical portion of the right ventricle through the partial pericardial defect (A, arrows) with schematic illustration (B).


Reference

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2. Shah AB, Kronzon I. Congenital defects of the pericardium: a review. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015; 16:821–827. PMID: 26003149.
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4. Van Son JA, Danielson GK, Schaff HV, Mullany CJ, Julsrud PR, Breen JF. Congenital partial and complete absence of the pericardium. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993; 68:743–747. PMID: 8331975.
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