J Korean Crit Care Nurs.  2021 Oct;14(3):14-25. 10.34250/jkccn.2021.14.3.14.

The Factors Affecting Person-centered Care Nursing in Intensive Care Unit Nurses

  • 1Registered Nurse, Gyeongsang National University Hospital
  • 2Associate Professor, College of Nursing⋅Gerontological Health Research in Institute of Health Sciences, Gyeongsang National University


: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between burnout, nursing work environment, patient-centered communication, and person-centered care nursing among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses and to identify factors related to person-centered care nursing.
: This is a descriptive study involving 156 ICU nurses. A structured questionnaire was used to assess burnout, nursing work environment, patient-centered communication, and person-centered critical care nursing performance. Data were collected from February to March 2020, and descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were conducted using SPSS/WIN 25.0 program.
: The mean scores for person-centered care nursing, burnout, nursing work environment, and patient-centered communication of ICU nurses were 3.52±0.42, 3.00±0.76, 2.62±0.34, 4.06±0.64, respectively. Person-centered nursing showed a statistically significant negative correlation with burnout (r=-.20, p=.013) and a statistically significant positive correlation with patient-centered communication (r=.49, p<.001). In addition, patient-centered communication (β=.47, p<.001) was significantly correlated with person-centered nursing.
: The results of this study showed that the factors affecting the person-centered care nursing of ICU nurses were patient-centered communication. Therefore, it is necessary to develop and apply patient-centered communication programs for improving the person-centered nursing performance of ICU nurses.


Intensive care units, Person-centered care, Burnout, Work place, Communication; 중환자실, 인간중심, 소진, 근무환경, 의사소통
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