J Mov Disord.  2021 Sep;14(3):231-235. 10.14802/jmd.21066.

Clinical and Imaging Profile of Patients with Joubert Syndrome

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Karnataka, India
  • 2Department of Clinical Neurosciences, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Karnataka, India

Abstract


Objective
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare syndrome characterized by ataxia and the molar tooth sign (MTS) on imaging. The present study aims to explore the clinical and radiological features in a cohort of patients with JS.
Methods
This was a retrospective chart review of patients with JS evaluated by movement disorder specialists.
Results
Nine patients were included in the study. All patients had facial dysmorphism and ocular abnormalities, and 4 patients had dystonia. Ocular tilt reaction and alternate skew deviation (66%) were the most common ocular abnormalities. Horizontally aligned superior cerebellar peduncles were observed in all four patients with diffusion tensor imaging, with a lack of decussation in three. Exome sequencing performed in four patients revealed novel variants in the MKS1, CPLANE1, and PIBF1 genes.
Conclusion
Facial dysmorphism, ocular abnormalities and classical imaging findings were observed in all patients with JS. Apart from ataxia, dystonia and myoclonus are other movement disorders observed in JS.

Keyword

Joubert syndrome; Molar tooth sign; Vermis hypoplasia; Facial dysmorphism; Ataxia; Movement disorders
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