Korean J Radiol.  2021 Jul;22(7):1054-1065. 10.3348/kjr.2020.1164.

Novel Resectable Myocardial Model Using Hybrid Three-Dimensional Printing and Silicone Molding for Mock Myectomy for Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Affiliations
  • 1Departments of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Anymedi Inc., Seoul, Korea
  • 3Departments of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea

Abstract


Objective
We implemented a novel resectable myocardial model for mock myectomy using a hybrid method of threedimensional (3D) printing and silicone molding for patients with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (ApHCM).
Materials and Methods
From January 2019 through May 2020, 3D models from three patients with ApHCM were generated using the end-diastolic cardiac CT phase image. After computer-aided designing of measures to prevent structural deformation during silicone injection into molding, 3D printing was performed to reproduce anatomic details and molds for the left ventricular (LV) myocardial mass. We compared the myocardial thickness of each cardiac segment and the LV myocardial mass and cavity volumes between the myocardial model images and cardiac CT images. The surgeon performed mock surgery, and we compared the volume and weight of the resected silicone and myocardium.
Results
During the mock surgery, the surgeon could determine an ideal site for the incision and the optimal extent of myocardial resection. The mean differences in the measured myocardial thickness of the model (0.3, 1.0, 6.9, and 7.3 mm in the basal, midventricular, apical segments, and apex, respectively) and volume of the LV myocardial mass and chamber (36.9 mL and 14.8 mL, 2.9 mL and -9.4 mL, and 6.0 mL and -3.0 mL in basal, mid-ventricular and apical segments, respectively) were consistent with cardiac CT. The volume and weight of the resected silicone were similar to those of the resected myocardium (6 mL [6.2 g] of silicone and 5 mL [5.3 g] of the myocardium in patient 2; 12 mL [12.5 g] of silicone and 11.2 mL [11.8 g] of the myocardium in patient 3).
Conclusion
Our 3D model created using hybrid 3D printing and silicone molding may be useful for determining the extent of surgery and planning surgery guided by a rehearsal platform for ApHCM.

Keyword

Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; Mock surgery; Silicone molding; Transapical myectomy; Three-dimensional (3D) printing
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