J Chest Surg.  2021 Jun;54(3):179-185. 10.5090/jcs.21.006.

Control of Femoral Cannulation with a ProGlide Pre-Closure Device during Cardiac Surgery: Is It Reliable?

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea

Abstract

Background
The use of ProGlide as a percutaneous vascular closure device in cardiac surgery remains inconclusive. This study investigated the clinical outcomes of using ProGlide in the percutaneous cannulation of femoral vessels in adult cardiac surgery.
Methods
From September 2017 to July 2018, 131 consecutive patients underwent femoral vessel cannulation during cardiac surgery. The ProGlide (Abbott Vascular Inc., Santa Clara, CA, USA) with percutaneous cannulation was used in 118 patients (mean age, 55.7±15.5 years). The accessibility of femoral cannulation was evaluated through preoperative computed tomography. For cannulation, sonography was routinely used. The postoperative ankle-brachial index (ABI) was used to evaluate femoral artery stenosis.
Results
Of the 118 patients, 112 (94.9%) and 6 (5.1%) underwent minimally invasive cardiac surgery and median sternotomy, respectively. Most femoral cannulations were performed on the right side (98.3%) using 15F to 19F arterial cannulas. The technical success rate of cannulation with ProGlide was 99.2%, with no delayed bleeding or cannulation site-related complications during hospitalization. During follow-up, only 1 patient showed femoral artery stenosis with claudication and was treated with interventional balloon angioplasty. The postoperative ABI revealed no significant difference in functional stenosis between the cannulation and non-cannulation sides (n=86; cannulation vs. non-cannulation, 1.2±0.1 vs. 1.1±0).
Conclusion
Percutaneous femoral cannulation with ProGlide was safe and feasible in adult cardiac surgery. This technique may be a good alternative option in patients requiring femoral vessel cannulation for cardiac surgery.

Keyword

Femoral cannulation; Femoral artery; ProGlide; Cardiac surgery
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