Epidemiol Health.  2021;43(1):e2021020. 10.4178/epih.e2021020.

Estimation and change of edentulism among the Korean population: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2018

  • 1Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Gumi University, Gumi, Korea
  • 3Department of Health Convergence, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea


To estimate the prevalence of edentulism according to the socio-demographic variables of Korean adults between 2007 and 2018 and to analyze the trends.
This study was conducted using raw data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2018. Edentulism was defined as the absence of upper and lower teeth or the retained root of the missing teeth. To obtain the prevalence of edentulism, complex sample frequency analysis and regression analysis were performed according to the socio-demographic variables to represent the national population. The Korean population structure in 2005 was exploited as a standard population to calculate age-standardized edentulism.
The prevalence of edentulism in 2016-2018 was 9.7% in the Korean elderly, and the change of age-standardized edentulism steadily declined over time from 2007, 12.8%. In particular, it decreased by approximately 20% in the period between 2016 and 2018 compared to that in 2007 for those in their 80s. The trend of the prevalence according to gender decreased significantly in women. According to the level of education, the greatest decrease was seen in the group with the lowest education, although the prevalence itself was higher than that seen in those who were more educated.
The prevalence of edentulism among the older Korean population has decreased over time. However, the concern is on those with lower education and men as these groups are still at higher risk for edentulism.


Oral health; Edentulism; Prevalence; Tooth loss; Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
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