J Dent Anesth Pain Med.  2021 Apr;21(2):173-178. 10.17245/jdapm.2021.21.2.173.

Tooth hypersensitivity associated with paresthesia after inferior alveolar nerve injury: case report and related neurophysiology

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Advanced General Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea

Abstract

Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury is usually caused by stretching or crushing of the neurovascular structures and postoperative intra-alveolar hematoma or edema after dental procedures. This results in paresthesia in the ipsilateral chin, lip (vermilion border, skin, and mucosa), and labial or buccal alveolar mucosa of the mandibular anterior teeth. However, there are no reports of sensory alterations in the teeth, especially tooth hypersensitivity, after IAN injury. I report a case in which paresthesia of the lower lip and hypersensitivity of the lower anterior teeth occurred simultaneously after the removal of the third molar that was located close to the IAN. In addition, I discuss the reasons for the different sensory changes between the tooth and chin (skin) after nerve injury from a neurophysiological point of view. Since the dental pulp and periodontal apparatus are highly innervated by the inferior alveolar sensory neurons, it seems necessary to pay attention to the changes in tooth sensitivity if IAN injury occurs during dental procedures.

Keyword

Dentin Hypersensitivity; Inferior Alveolar Nerve; Paresthesia.
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