J Rhinol.  2021 Mar;28(1):1-13. 10.18787/jr.2020.00321.

Clinical Reviews of COVID-19 for Otorhinolaryngologists

  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea
  • 3Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dankook University, College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea


The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 has emerged rapidly and the virus has caused a global pandemic since it was first diagnosed in December 2019. SARS-CoV-2 is the seventh virus associated with human transmission among corona viruses. Otorhinolaryngologists could be vulnerable to this viral transmission due to the high viral load in the nasal cavity and nasopharynx. Hence, it is essential to understand the novel COVID-19 from the perspective of otorhinolaryngologists. We provide literature reviews of previous human coronaviruses and the novel COVID-19 with clinical hallmarks, diagnostic approaches, and possible treatment options. Further study is necessary to elucidate viral features and standardize treatment protocols with curable anti-viral agents and vaccines.


COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; Clinical; Evidence-based medicine; Infection; 코로나바이러스감염증-19; 바이러스; 임상; 근거중심의학; 감염
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