Korean J Intern Med.  2021 Mar;36(Suppl 1):S1-S8. 10.3904/kjim.2019.357.

Effectiveness and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir in Korean patients with hepatitis C virus infection: a nationwide real-world study

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea
  • 3Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea
  • 4Department of Internal Medicine, Jeonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea
  • 5Department of Internal Medicine, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
  • 6Department of Internal Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 7Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Background
/Aim: This study aimed to establish the real-world effectiveness and safety of grazoprevir/elbasvir (EBR/GZR) therapy in South Korea.
Methods
A total of 242 patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 or 4 infection who started EBR/GZR were consecutively enrolled from seven tertiary hospitals. Retrospective analysis of the fractions of patients that achieved sustained virological response (SVR) was performed, and the incidence of adverse events was noted.
Results
The mean age of enrolled patients was 59.0 ± 12.6 years and 47.5% were males. Patients with HCV genotype 1b accounted for 93.8% (n = 227), and patients with HCV of unspecified genotype 1 accounted for 5.8% (n = 14). Hypertension was the most common comorbid disease (29.8%) followed by diabetes (22.7%) and chronic kidney disease (CKD, 12.4%). SVR rates of treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients were 85.5% (182/213) and 93.1% (27/29), respectively, in the intention-to-treat analyses, whereas in the per-protocol analyses, those were 97.8% (179/183) and 100% (28/28), respectively. Fewer patients with HCV genotype 1 of unspecified subtype achieved SVR (81.8%, n = 11) compared to the patients with SVR infected with genotype 1b (99%, n = 198, p < 0.001). All patients with CKD showed SVR. Itching (12%) and dyspepsia (4.1%) were common adverse events. Of the four patients who discontinued the antiviral therapy, one experienced mild fatigue but neither treatment withdrawal was because of an adverse event.
Conclusions
EBR/GZR showed high real-world effectiveness and safety in Korean patients with chronic HCV infection regardless of the previous antiviral treatment, liver cirrhosis, or CKD status.

Keyword

Hepatitis C; Antiviral agents; Elbasvir-grazoprevir drug combination
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