Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr.  2021 Mar;24(2):135-144. 10.5223/pghn.2021.24.2.135.

Suspecting Intussusception and Recurrence Risk Stratification Using Clinical Data and Plain Abdominal Radiographs

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Radiology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea
  • 3Department of Pediatric Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea
  • 4Medical Science Research Center, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea
  • 5Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
Although ultrasonography is the gold standard of diagnosing intussusception, plain abdomen radiograph (AXR) is often used to make differential diagnosis for pediatric patients with abdominal pain. In intussusception patients, we aimed to analyze the AXR and clinical data to determine the characteristics of early AXR findings associated with diagnosis of intussusception and recurrence after reduction.
Methods
Between January 2011 and June 2018, 446 patients diagnosed with intussusception based on International Classification of Diseases-10 code of K56.1 were admitted. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 398 patients who received air reduction; 51 of them have recurred after initial reduction. We evaluated six AXR features including absent ascending colon gas, absent transverse colon gas, target sign, meniscus sign, mass, and ileus. Clinical data and AXR features were compared between single episode and recurrence groups.
Results
Two groups did not show significant differences regarding clinical data. Mean time to recurrence from air reduction was 3.4±3.2 days. Absent ascending colon gas (63.9%) was the most common feature in intussusception, followed by mass (29.1%). All of six AXR features were observed more frequently in the recurrence group. Absent transverse colon gas was the most closely associated AXR finding for recurrence (odds ratio, 2.964; 95% confidence interval, 1.327–6.618; p=0.008).
Conclusion
In our study, absence of ascending colon gas was the most frequently seen AXR factor in intussusception patients. Extended and careful observation after reduction may be beneficial if such finding on AXR is found in intussusception patients.

Keyword

Intussusception; Recurrence; Abdominal radiographs; Pediatrics
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