Yonsei Med J.  2021 Mar;62(3):231-239. 10.3349/ymj.2021.62.3.231.

Lymph Node Ratio Is a Strong Prognostic Factor in Patients with Early-Stage Cervical Cancer Undergoing Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Purpose
To determine whether the prognostic impact of lymph node ratio (LNR), defined as the ratio between the number of positive lymph nodes and removed lymph nodes, differs between open and minimally invasive surgical approaches for radical hysterectomy (RH) in node-positive, early-stage cervical cancer.
Materials and Methods
We retrospectively identified 2009 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB1-IIA2 patients who underwent primary type C RH between 2010 and 2018. Among them, only those with pathologically proven lymph node metastases who received adjuvant radiation therapy were included. The prognostic significance of LNR was investigated according to open surgery and minimally invasive surgery (MIS).
Results
In total, 55 patients were included. The median LNR (%) was 9.524 (range, 2.083–62.500). Based on receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the cut-off value for LNR (%) was determined as 8.831. Overall, patients with high LNR (≥8.831%; n=29) showed worse disease-free survival (DFS) than those with low LNR (<8.831%, n=26) (p=0.027), whereas no difference in overall survival was observed. Multivariate analyses adjusting for clinicopathologic factors revealed that DFS was adversely affected by both MIS [adjusted hazard ratio (HR), 8.132; p=0.038] and high LNR (adjusted HR, 10.837; p=0.045). In a subgroup of open surgery cases, LNR was not associated with disease recurrence. However, in a subgroup of MIS cases, high LNR was identified as an independent poor prognostic factor for DFS (adjusted HR, 14.578; p=0.034).
Conclusion
In patients with node-positive, early-stage cervical cancer, high LNR was associated with a significantly higher disease recurrence rate. This relationship was further consolidated among patients who received MIS RH.

Keyword

Cervical cancer; radical hysterectomy; minimally invasive surgery; laparoscopic surgery; lymph node ratio; recurrence
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