Nucl Med Mol Imaging.  2021 Feb;55(1):31-37. 10.1007/s13139-020-00677-0.

Management Impact of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors

Affiliations
  • 1Division of Nuclear Medicine, Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, 2250 Alcazar St., CSC 102, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA

Abstract

Purpose
The goal of our retrospective single tertiary academic medical center investigation was to examine the added diagnostic value and clinical impact of 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in the therapeutic management of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).
Methods
Imaging database was queried for all “PET-DOTATATE” examinations performed at our tertiary care academic institution using MONTAGE™. The patient’s clinical history and recent prior imaging were reviewed. The additional diagnostic value and clinical management impact of 68Ga-DOTATATE were assessed through retrospective chart review.
Results
A total of 81 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT scans in 74 patients were found, and 11 patients were excluded from analysis as they had no prior imaging available for comparison, with resultant analysis cohort of 63 patients. Six patients had 2 or more 68GaDOTATATE PET/CT examinations. The most common primary diagnosis was undifferentiated NET (63.5%), followed by carcinoid (27.0%), paraganglioma (4.8%), insulinoma (3.2%), and pheochromocytoma (1.6%). The primary sites of disease from the most to the least common were the pancreas (36.5%), small bowel (22.2%), unknown primary (15.9%), lung (6.3%), large bowel (6.3%), and mesentery (4.8%), and other locations accounted for 7.9%. In patients who had prior imaging available for comparison, there were new lesions identified on 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT in 21 patients (33.3%) that were not identified on other prior imaging modalities. Of these patients, 5 underwent subsequent MRI and 1 had a repeat 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT to further characterize new lesions seen. Moreover, 15 patients (23.8%) had a change in treatment plan, including altering medical therapy in 9 patients, change in planned extent of surgical management in 5 patients, and cancelation of a planned primary tumor resection in 1 patient with metastatic disease.
Conclusion
Our retrospective cohort demonstrated that 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT improves lesion detection over conventional imaging in 33.3% and impacts the therapeutic management in 23.8% of patients with NET.

Keyword

Neuroendocrine; Tumor; 68Ga-DOTATATE; PET; Somatostatin
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