J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Dec;26(5):447-456. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.5.447.

Effects of Self-leadership, Professional Self-concept, Emotional Labor on Professional Quality of Life in Hospital Nurses

  • 1Graduate Student, Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Dongguk University, korea
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, korea


This study was performed to identify levels of self-leadership, professional self-concept, emotional labor and professional quality of life, and investigate the relationship among these variables in hospital nurses.
This study was a cross-sectional survey. The data were collected from May 20 to June 30, 2019. Participants were 200 nurses working at 4 general hospitals in Korea. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 25.0 program.
There was a positive relationship between compassion satisfaction and self-leadership, professional self-concept and emotional labor, and a negative relationship between burnout and the other variables in this study. There were positive and negative relationships between secondary traumatic stress and the other variables in this study. Compassion satisfaction, which is one sub-factors of professional quality of life, was influenced by professional self-concept and emotional labor, and these variables explained 55% of compassion satisfaction. Burnout was only influenced by professional self-concept which explained 47% of burnout. Secondary traumatic stress was influenced by emotional labor and gender which accounted for 5% of secondary traumatic stress.
These results show that professional self-concept is very important in promoting quality of life for nurses. So nurse managers should try to strengthen nurses’ professional self-concepts.


Self-leadership; Professional self-concept; Emotional labor; Professional quality of life; Nurses
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