J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs.  2020 Dec;31(S):563-576. 10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.S.563.

Factors Associated with Physical Activity in Older Adults by Region: Based on the 2017 Community Health Survey

  • 1Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Busan, Korea
  • 2Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea


The purpose of this study is to identify personal factors, social factors, and environmental factors related to physical activity in older adults in urban and non-urban areas. Methods: We used source data from the 2017 Community Health Survey. The subjects of this study included some older adults aged 65 and over, and analyzed the data of 23,043 older adults living in the urban and 34,063 older adults living in the non-urban area. Results: The common factors influencing physical activity in older adults by region include current smoking and drinking, BMI, sleep duration, and subjective health status, help with neighbors, frequency of meeting with neighbors and friends, participation in social and leisure activities, and falls experience (p<.001). However, the living environment, public transport satisfaction, and medical service use significantly associated with physical activity for only older adults living in the urban area (p<.001). Conclusion: In order to improve physical activity in older adults in the community, it is necessary to consider not only the improvement of individual factors that practice health behaviors but also health promotion strategies that take into account social and environmental factors because there are environmental differences among regions.


Aged; Exercise; Health; Urban population; Rural population
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