Pediatr Infect Vaccine.  2020 Dec;27(3):205-209. 10.14776/piv.2020.27.e22.

Two Cases of Vaccine-Associated Measles in Daegu, South Korea, 2019

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, the Republic of Korea

Abstract

Korea was verified as a measles-free country by the World Health Organization in 2014; however, some imported measles cases and related outbreaks were reported. As the incidence of wild-type measles decreases in measles-free countries, the proportion of vaccine-associated measles is increasing. Wild-type measles is highly contagious and requires follow-up and management of the contacts, whereas vaccine-related measles is not contagious and does not require follow-up intervention. Therefore, measles genotyping should be performed to reliably distinguish between them in suspected patients. Two patients with vaccine-associated measles were confirmed through genotyping at Daegu Fatima Hospital. In Korea, there are only a few reports of vaccine-associated measles confirmed through genotyping; thus, we report recent vaccine-associated measles cases, emphasizing the need for genotyping.

Keyword

Measles; Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine; Genotype
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