Obstet Gynecol Sci.  2021 Jan;64(1):52-61. 10.5468/ogs.20266.

Perinatal outcome of fetuses with congenital high airway obstruction syndrome: a single-center experience

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract


Objective
To report our experience with management of fetuses with congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS).
Methods
We retrospectively reviewed the cases of fetuses who were prenatally diagnosed and postnatally confirmed with CHAOS between 2010 and 2019 at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Results
Of 13 fetuses prenatally diagnosed with CHAOS, 7 were lost to follow-up and 6 were postnatally confirmed as having CHAOS. All fetuses, except one were delivered via cesarean section with an ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedure. Two patients had coexisting congenital heart diseases requiring several cardiac surgeries following birth. Both of these patients demonstrated developmental delay; however, the remaining 4 had a normal development except for expressive language. Two infants died of respiratory complications, and the remaining 4 were alive at the end of the follow-up period. All 4 live patients underwent tracheostomy with planned reconstruction surgery. Three children are now able to phonate, and 1 can maintain a conservation.
Conclusion
The proper management of CHAOS using the EXIT procedure results in high survival and low hypoxemia-induced complication rates. Therefore, an accurate prenatal diagnosis is necessary for an appropriate perinatal management.

Keyword

Airway obstruction; Laryngeal disease; Prenatal diagnosis; Tracheostomy
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