J Clin Neurol.  2021 Jan;17(1):1-10. 10.3988/jcn.2021.17.1.1.

Tinnitus Update

  • 1Do Neurology Clinic, Daegu, Korea
  • 2Department of Neurology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
  • 3Department of Neurology, Haedong Hospital, Busan, Korea
  • 4Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea


This article provides an update on tinnitus for audiologists and other clinicians who provide tinnitus-specific services. Tinnitus can be attributable to hearing loss, somatosensory system dysfunction, or auditory cortex dysfunction, with hearing loss being the most common cause and serious underlying pathologies being rare. Hearing loss does not always lead to tinnitus, and patients with tinnitus do not always suffer from hearing loss. The first scenario is explained by a so-called inhibitory gating mechanism, whereas the second assumes that all tinnitus sufferers have some degree of hearing impairment, which might not be detected in standard audiological examinations. The treatments should aim at symptomatic relief and management of associated distress. Current treatment options include pharmacotherapy, education, counseling, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sound therapy.


tinnitus; hearing loss; treatment
Full Text Links
  • JCN
export Copy
  • Twitter
  • Facebook
Similar articles
Copyright © 2021 by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors. All rights reserved.     E-mail: koreamed@kamje.or.kr