Lab Anim Res.  2020 Mar;36(1):1-10. 10.1186/s42826-019-0031-z.

Evaluation of factors related to Anaesthesia-induced Lens opacity in experimental mice

  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2Korea Mouse Sensory Phenotyping Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
  • 3The Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
  • 4Laboratory of Developmental Biology and Genomics, BK21 Program Plus for Advanced Veterinary Science, and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 5Korea Mouse Phenotyping Center, Seoul, South Korea.


To investigate conditions that cause temporal lens opacity, we tested chemical and physical factors, such as anaesthesia dose, ocular surface dryness, and infrared (IR) light exposure in anaesthetised C57BL/6 N mice. Mice were anaesthetised with a low (80%; tiletamine/zolazepam 32 mg/kg and xylazine 8 mg/kg, intraperitoneal injection) or high (120%; 48 mg/kg and 12 mg/kg) dose of anaesthetic and examined every 5 min from 10 to 30 min after anaesthesia was induced. Lens opacity levels were assessed and graded (1–6) using the standard classification system. Regardless of the anaesthetic dose, lens opacity grade was 1–2 in moisturised eyes with application of 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose, and 5–6 in dry ocular surface conditions. Lens opacity in mice with high-dose anaesthetic in the dry ocular surface condition was not different from that of mice with low-dose anaesthetic. Lens opacity grade 1–2 was noted in eyes in the wet ocular surface condition, regardless of IR light exposure. During IR light exposure in eyes in the dry ocular surface condition, lens opacity (grade 6) in mice with high-dose anaesthetic was not different from that (grade 6) in mice with low-dose anaesthetic. We demonstrated that ocular surface dryness might be a relevant factor for the formation and progression of lens opacity in anesthetized C57BL/6 N mice. Anaesthesia dose and IR light exposure did not strongly influence lens opacity formation. Furthermore, eyes with corneal dryness-induced lens opacity recovered to normal status without additional intervention.


Lens opacity; Anaesthetic dose; Anaesthetic dose Ocular surface dryness; Infrared light
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