Korean J Blood Transfus.  2020 Dec;31(3):222-229. 10.17945/kjbt.2020.31.3.222.

Analysis of the Effects of the Implementation of Transfusion-Related Education for Nurses at Medical Institutions

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chungnam National University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
  • 2Division of Immunization, Bureau of Healthcare Safety and Immunization, Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency, Cheongju, Korea
  • 3Central Disease Control Headquarters, Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency, Cheongju, Korea
  • 4Department of Laboratory Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
  • 5Department of Laboratory Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea
  • 6The Division of Human Blood Safety Surveillance, National Institute of Organ, Tissue and Blood Management, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Nurses play a central role in the process of blood transfusion because they have the closest interactions with patients. Providing nurses with the appropriate knowledge and competency through education can help ensure transfusion safety. This study investigated the effectiveness of the first nationwide transfusion-related education for nurses by analyzing questionnaires for a self-assessment of competency on transfusion-related knowledge before and after the education and general evaluation for the educational program.
Methods
The education program was composed of four lectures and was conducted in seven regions in South Korea. One hundred and ninety-two nurses participated, and the questionnaires for 170 nurses were analyzed.
Results
The participants consisted of 90 nurses (53.0%) from tertiary hospitals, 23 (13.5%) from general hospitals, and 57 (33.5%) from other hospitals. The majority of the participants (103/170, 60.6%) were from hospitals with ≥500 beds, and 69.4% had a work period of ≥10 years. The scores for pre-/post-education self-assessment of competency were as follows: blood components, 3.03/3.73; pretransfusion testing, 2.86/3.64; management of transfusion, 3.18/3.84; and transfusion reactions, 3.11/3.78. In all categories, there was a significant increase in the score after the education program. The majority of participants (99.4%) provided a positive response regarding the necessity of a transfusion-related education program.
Conclusion
South Korea’s first attempt at transfusion-related education for nurses showed a strong positive effect by improving participants’ transfusion-related competency. Considering the important role of nurses in blood transfusion, the educational program should continue and be expanded in the future.

Keyword

Transfusion medicine education; Education; Education assessment
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