Saf Health Work.  2020 Dec;11(4):431-442. 10.1016/j.shaw.2020.07.003.

Psychosocial Risks Assessment in Cryopreservation Laboratories

Affiliations
  • 1Departamento de Química, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal
  • 2Centro de Investigação em Educação e Psicologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal
  • 3Instituto Politécnico de Viana Do Castelo, Rua da Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun ’Álvares, 4900-347, Viana do Castelo, Portugal
  • 4Centro Algoritmi, Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal
  • 5REQUIMTE/LAQV, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal

Abstract

Background
Psychosocial risks are increasingly a type of risk analyzed in organizations beyond chemical, physical, and biological risks. To this type of risk, a greater attention has been given following the update of ISO 9001: 2015, more precisely the requirement 7.1.4 for the process operation environment. The update of this normative reference was intended to approximate OHSAS 18001: 2007 reference updated in 2018 with the publication of ISO 45001. Thus, the organizations are increasingly committed to achieving and demonstrating good occupational health and safety performance.
Methods
The aim of this study was to characterize the psychosocial risks in a cryopreservation laboratory and to develop a predictive model for psychosocial risk management. The methodology followed to collect the information was the inquiry by questionnaire that was applied to a sample comprising 200 employees.
Results
The results show that most of the respondents are aware of the psychosocial risks, identifying interpersonal relationships and emotional feelings as the main factors that lead to this type of risks. Furthermore, terms such as lack of resources, working hours, lab equipment, stress, and precariousness show strong correlation with psychosocial risks. The model presented in this study, based on artificial neural networks, exhibited good performance in the prediction of the psychosocial risks.
Conclusion
This work presents the development of an intelligent system that allows identifying the weaknesses of the organization and contributing to the enhancement of the psychosocial risks management.

Keyword

Artificial neural networks; Cryopreservation laboratories; Health and safety management; Psychosocial risks; Risk assessment
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