J Metab Bariatr Surg.  2020 Dec;9(2):42-51. 10.17476/jmbs.2020.9. .42.

Morphologic Study of Gastric Sleeves by CT Volumetry at One Year after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

  • 1Departments of Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea
  • 2Departments of Radiology, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, Korea


Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is now frequently performed as a definitive bariatric procedure. The aim of the study was to evaluate the detailed morphology of remnant stomachs after SG with respect to volume and sleeve migration.
Materials and Methods
We performed a retrospective review of prospectively collected data on patients that completed a 12-month postop examination, which included CT volumetry of sleeve, and a questionnaire that addressed postop food tolerance. CT volumetry study included total sleeve volume (TSV), tube volume (TV), antral volume (AV), tube/antral volume ratio (TAVR), and the presence of intrathoracic sleeve migration (ITSM).
Fifty-five patients were included in this retrospective study. Mean %TWL (% total weight loss) at 12 months postop was 32.8% (14.3-55.5), and mean TSV, TV, AV, and TAVR were 166.6±63.3 ml, 68.9±35.4 ml, 97.7±42.9 ml, and 0.8±0.6 respectively. TSV was not correlated significantly with %TWL at 12 months postop (r=−0.069, P=0.619). Fourteen patients (14/55, 25.5%) showed ITSM by CT. Patients with ITSM had a significantly lower mean GER score (5.1±2.0 vs. 7.3±2.0, P=0.001), a lower total food tolerance score (21.6±3.8 vs. 24.4±4.6, P=0.048), and a higher proportion showed suboptimal weight loss (35.7% vs. 9.8%, P=0.023).
Mean TSV was not found to be significantly correlated with %TWL at 12 months postop. Patients with suboptimal weight loss had higher mean TAVR, and the presence of ITSM indicated more frequent GER symptoms, lower food tolerance, and a higher probability of suboptimal weight loss.


Sleeve gastrectomy; CT volumetry; Weight loss; Weight loss
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