J Korean Soc Radiol.  2020 Nov;81(6):1424-1435. 10.3348/jksr.2019.0154.

Usefulness of 18 F-FDG PET/CT and Multiphase CT in the Differential Diagnosis of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Combined Hepatocellular CarcinomaCholangiocarcinoma

  • 1Department of Radiology, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
  • 2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, Kosin University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of multiphasic CT and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT for the differentiation of combined hepatocellular carcinomacholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-CCA) from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Materials and Methods
From January 2007 to April 2016, 93 patients with pathologically confirmed HCC (n = 84) or cHCC-CCA (n = 9) underwent CT and PET/CT imaging. Contrast enhancement patterns were divided into three types based on the attenuation of the surrounding liver parenchyma: type I (early arterial enhancement with delayed washout), type II (early arterial enhancement without delayed washout), and type III (early hypovascular, infiltrative appearance, or peripheral rim enhancement).
cHCC-CCAs (89%) had a higher PET/CT positive rate than did HCCs (61%), but the PET/ CT positive rate did not differ significantly (p = 0.095). Among the 19 cases of the type II enhancement pattern, 3 (21%) of 14 HCCs and 4 (80%) of 5 cHCC-CCAs were PET/CT positive. cHCC-CCAs had a significantly higher PET/CT positive rate (p = 0.020) in the type II enhancement pattern.
The PET/CT positive rate of cHCC-CCA was significantly higher than that of HCC in lesions with a type II enhancement pattern. The 18 F-FDG PET/CT can be useful for the differentiation of cHCCCCA from HCC in lesions with a type II enhancement pattern on multiphasic CT.


Carcinoma; Hepatocellular; Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography; Tomography; X-Ray Computed
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