Korean J Gastroenterol.  2020 Nov;76(5):227-231. 10.4166/kjg.2020.141.

Helicobacter pylori Eradication in Drug-related Peptic Ulcer

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin are the most frequently prescribed drugs worldwide, and their long-term use often leads to peptic ulcers (PUs) along with serious complications, such as bleeding and perforation. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is a significant risk factor for developing NSAID-related PU and ulcer bleeding during long-term aspirin use. In a revised version of the Clinical Guidelines for Drug-induced Peptic Ulcer, two statements regarding H. pylori eradication are recommended. 1) Patients scheduled for long-term NSAID therapy should be tested and treated for H. pylori infection to prevent PU and its complications. 2) Patients with a history of PU receiving long-term low-dose aspirin (LDA) therapy should undergo treatment for H. pylori infection to prevent PU and its complications. On the other hand, unlike NSAID-naïve patients, the preventive effects of H. pylori eradication in chronic NSAID users are unclear. In addition, anti-ulcer drugs, such as proton pump inhibitors, may be necessary for maintenance therapy after H. pylori eradication in a subset of long-term LDA users, particularly if the patients are taking concomitant antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants.

Keyword

Peptic ulcer; Anti-inflammatory agents; non-steroidal; Aspirin; Helicobacter pylori
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