J Korean Med Sci.  2020 Nov;35(45):e396. 10.3346/jkms.2020.35.e396.

Application of Testing-TracingTreatment Strategy in Response to the COVID-19 Outbreak in Seoul, Korea

Affiliations
  • 1Seoul Center for Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Disease Control & Prevention Division, Seoul Metropolitan Government, Seoul, Korea
  • 4Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
  • 5Department of Urban Public Health, University of Seoul, Seoul, Korea
  • 6HIRA Research Institute, Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service, Wonju, Korea
  • 7Public Healthcare Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
  • 8Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Abstract

Background
Following the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan, China, a total of 637 patients had been diagnosed with the disease in Seoul as of May 2, 2020. Our study aimed to describe the impact of the 3T strategies (preemptive testing, prompt tracing and proper treatment) on the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 in Seoul.
Methods
The descriptive and explanatory analysis was carried out on critical indicators such as epidemiological characteristics and key duration of patient status change from January 24 to May 2 in Seoul before and after preemptive testing for patients under investigation associated with COVID-19 clusters.
Results
Preemptive testing increased the positive test rate (3.9% to 4.2%), an asymptomatic case at diagnosis (16.9% to 30.6%), and reduced the time from symptom onset to quarantine (4.0 to 3.0 days). Prompt tracing decreased unknown sources of infection (6.9% to 2.8%), the mean number of contacts (32.2 to 23.6), and the time-varying reproduction number R(t) (1.3 to 0.6). With proper treatment, only 2 cases of mortality occurred, resulting in a fatality rate of just 0.3%.
Conclusion
In the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic lasting 100 days, the effect of the 3T strategies flattened the curve and decreased the time during which infected individuals were contagious, thereby lowering the R(t) below 1 in Seoul.

Keyword

SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Outbreak; Response; Seoul; Korea
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