Yeungnam Univ J Med.  2020 Oct;37(4):253-261. 10.12701/yujm.2020.00584.

An update on the role of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis of pulmonary disease

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea

Abstract

Bronchoscopy has evolved over the past few decades and has been used by respiratory physicians to diagnose various airway and lung diseases. With the popularization of medical check-ups and growing interest in health, early diagnosis of lung diseases is essential. With the development of endobronchial ultrasound, ultrathin bronchoscopy, and electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy, bronchoscopy has been able to widen its scope in diagnosing pulmonary diseases. In this review, we have described the brief history, role, and complications of bronchoscopy used in diagnosing pulmonary lesions, from simple flexible bronchoscopy to bronchoscopy combined with several up-to-date technologies.

Keyword

Bronchoscopy; Cryobiopsy; Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy; Endobronchial ultrasound; Lung diseases
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