Clin Exp Emerg Med.  2020 Sep;7(3):234-237. 10.15441/ceem.19.015.

Case of cardiac arrest due to carbon dioxide poisoning following an explosion of a carbon dioxide tank

Affiliations
  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea

Abstract

Carbon dioxide is widely used for a variety of purposes. As it is a normal constituent of air, the public generally regards it as safe. Although low concentrations of carbon dioxide are not harmful to human beings, high concentrations are toxic, and can cause serious harm, including cardiac arrest. Only a limited number of cases of carbon dioxide intoxication have been reported in Korea, and they have all been mild, with no cases of cardiac arrest following acute exposure to high concentrations of carbon dioxide, reported previously. We describe a case of carbon dioxide poisoning following an explosion of a carbon dioxide tank, which led to cardiac arrest in a 66-yearold patient. This cardiac arrest could have been avoided if the patient was fully aware of the hazardous effects and serious consequences of exposure to high concentrations of carbon dioxide.

Keyword

Carbon dioxide; Poisoning; Heart arrest; Occupational health
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