J Korean Acad Nurs Adm.  2020 Sep;26(4):400-408. 10.11111/jkana.2020.26.4.400.

The Moderating Effect of Supervisor's Support in Relation to Violence Experience between Co-workers and Organizational Commitment of Nurses Working in Special Departments of a Hospital

Affiliations
  • 1Head Nurse, Maryknoll Hospital
  • 2Professor, Department of Nursing, Dong-A University
  • 3Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Dong-Eui Institute of Technology

Abstract

Purpose
This study was conducted to investigate the moderating effect of supervisor's support in relation to violence experience and organizational commitment among staff of special department nurses.
Methods
Participants in this study were nurses working in the emergency, operating and intensive care units of five general hospitals in B city. Data were collected from Aug. 6 to Sep. 14, 2018. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients and multi-group path-analysis.
Results
The organizational commitment showed a negative correlation with violence experience (r=-28, p<.001) and a positive correlation with supervisor's support (r=.27, p<.001). There was a negative correlation (r=-.37, p<.001) between violence experience and supervisor's support. As a result of verifying the moderating effect of supervisor's support in relation to violence experience and organizational commitment, there was no significant difference in the path between the high and low supervisor's support groups (∆x 2 =1.07, p=.300).
Conclusion
There was no buffering effect of supervisor's support in relation to violence experience and organizational commitment of nurses in special departments. Further research is needed to explore variables that show a moderating effect on the relationship between violence experience and organizational commitment.

Keyword

Nurses; Organizational commitment; Social support; Workplace violence
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