Prog Med Phys.  2020 Sep;31(3):35-53. 10.14316/pmp.2020.31.3.35.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Historical Overview, Technical Developments, and Clinical Applications

  • 1Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Neuroscience Convergence Center, Korea University, Seoul, Korea


The authors congratulate the cerebrations for the 30 years of the Korean Society of Medical Physics ( The paper is published to recognize the anniversary. Geon-Ho Jahng invited Professor Z. H. Cho to join to submit this manuscript because he has been one of the leaders in the field of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the last 40 years. In this review, we describe the development and clinical histories of MRI internationally and domestically. We also discuss diffusion and perfusion MRI, molecular imaging using MRI and MR spectroscopy (MRS), and the hybrid systems, such as positron emission tomography一MRI (PET一MRI), MR-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS), and MRI-guided linear accelerators (MRI-LINACs). In each part, we discuss the historical evolution of the develop­ments, technical develop­ments, and clinical applications.


Magnetic resonance imaging; History; Technical development; Clinical application; Review
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