Health Policy Manag.  2020 Mar;30(1):131-138. 10.4332/KJHPA.2020.30.1.131.

Position Value for Relative Comparison of Healthcare Status of Korea in 2017

  • 1Department of Public Health, Yonsei University Graduate School, Seoul, Korea
  • 2Institute of Health Services Research, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
  • 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea


The purpose of this study was to compare the health status of South Korea with those of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries and examine the trends. Position vAlue for Relative Comparison (PARC) was used as a gauge for comparison, and five sectors of the health care system were measured: demand, supply, accessibility, quality, and cost. The Mann-Kendall test was used as a statistical analysis method to examine trend of PARC values obtained from 2000 to recent years. According to the results, the demand, supply, accessibility, and quality sectors were higher than the OECD average, while the cost was lower than the average. However, there is a recent trend of sharp increases in health care costs. Some indicators: health employment, quality of primary care and mental health care were lower than the OECD average, and health determinants showed a worsening trend. Therefore, policy-makers need to take this into account and make efforts for sustainable health care.


Health care quality, access, and evaluation; Position value for relative comparison; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; Health policy; Healthcare
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